In the Name
of Allah, Most Gracious, Most Merciful
Muhammad’s Character of Privileges to Christians
Letter to the
Monks of St. Catherine Monastery
By Dr. A.
Zahoor and Dr. Z. Haq
In 628 C.E. Prophet
granted a Charter of Privileges to the monks of St. Catherine Monastery
in Mt. Sinai. It consisted of several clauses covering all aspects of
human rights including such topics as the protection of Christians,
freedom of worship and movement, freedom to appoint their own judges
and to own and maintain their property, exemption from military
service, and the right to protection in war.
English translation of that document is presented below:
THIS is a message
from Muhammad ibn Abdullah, as a covenant to those who adopt
Christianity, near and far, we are with them.
I, the servants, the helpers, and my followers defend them, because
Christians are my citizens; and by Allah! I hold out against anything
that displeases them.
NO compulsion is to
be on them.
NEITHER are their
judges to be removed from their jobs nor their monks from their
NO ONE is to destroy
a house of their religion, to damage it, or to carry anything from it
to the Muslims' houses.
anyone take any of these, he would spoil God's covenant and disobey His
Prophet. Verily, they are my allies and have my secure charter against
all that they hate.
NO ONE is to force
them to travel or to oblige them to fight. The Muslims are to fight for
a female Christian is married to a Muslim, it is not to take place
without her approval. She is not to be prevented from visiting her
church to pray.
THEIR churches are
to be respected. They are neither to be prevented from repairing them
nor the sacredness of their covenants.
NO ONE of the nation
(Muslims) is to disobey the covenant till the Last Day (end of the
This charter of
privileges has been honored and faithfully applied by Muslims
throughout the centuries in all lands they ruled.
Al-Quraan, the Miracle of Miracles and free from contradictions and