In the Name
of Allah, Most Gracious, Most Merciful
Qurbani - Other Muhkamaat - Part-1
Directives of Allah on HAJJ & Qurbani
by Syed Sadruddin Hussain
Reviewed by Irshad Mahmood –
Director, Siraat-al-Mustaqeem Dawah Centre
Holy Quraan is a LIGHT/NOOR for the entire humanity and Islaam is a
clear/easy Deen with Guidance and good tidings for the believers,
(Ref: Al-Quraan: 005:015 / 006:105 / 027:001-002 / 054:017 and more).
has not imposed any compulsion or difficulty in following the Holy
Quraan nor it has been made complicated with any contradiction or error,
(Ref: Al_Quraan: 002:002, 256 / 004:082 / 018:001 / 022:078 and more).
Guidance is complete and none and not even our Prophet can disobey,
change or alter Allah’s words except following it strictly,
(Ref: Al_Quraan: 006:015 / 010:015 / 018:027 / 033:062 and more).
Islaam is based on Truth and
nothing but the Truth. Always uphold the Truth in all matters of life,
(Ref: Al_Quraan: 002:042,047,213 / 004:122,170 / 007:181 / 039:002 and
AND HAJJ BADAL:
HAJJ is Farz once in a life time
subject to affordability,
(Ref: Al_Quraan: 003:096-097). HAJJ performance should be based on hard
earned, personal and Halal income and there should not be any debt and
other obligations on the person performing HAJJ. There is no concept of
a free Hajj or performing Hajj on someone else money as it is Fard only
on those who can afford it.
performing HAJJ for someone else, dead or alive, as a substitute
conflicts with the clear directives of the Quraan as follows:
… No bearer of any burden can
bear the burden of another person,
(Ref: Al_Quraan: 017:015 / 035:018). Hence every person is solely and
directly accountable before Allah for his deeds and misdeeds. None can
perform Hajj Badal on someone else behalf (dead or alive).
… Persons alive or dead are not
equal and the dead lying in graves can listen nothing,
(Ref: Al_Quraan: 035:022). Hence avoid all kinds of
Shirk/Bidah like performing Hajj Badal for others or any dead person.
… The dead and deaf can hear
(Ref: Al_Quraan: 027:080). Hence avoid all misguidance contrary to the
Quraanic edict that the dead persons including Pirs, Faqirs, Babas can
hear anything, Dua or act as Wasila to Allah.
The dead will only be awakened on the Day of Judgment and until then
they will sleep under BARZAQ (barrier/veil) which prevents them from
awakening, (Ref: Al_Quraan: 023:100 / 027:080 / 030:052).
avoid all kinds of Shirk/Bidah like performing Hajj Badal for the dead
and asking for recommendation/help/Dua from the Mazars/graves of Pirs,
Babas and saints as if they are alive in the graves wrongly being
Allah strictly directs the Muslims to avoid all excesses and
over-acting in religious matters and rituals and uphold the TRUTH and
not to follow the misguidance of such people who have gone astray from
the Right Path of Allah, (Ref: Al_Quraan: 002: 042 /
005: 077). Hence avoid all excesses in rituals like performing Hajj
again and again and also Hajj Badal for others dead or alive as you
have to uphold Allah’s Truth of Guidance in the Holy Quraan and thus
answerable to Allah alone.
… Allah does not accept the
repentance of such evil doers who continue to indulge in sins and evils
(Al_Quraan: 004:018). Therefore avoid the common belief and misguidance
that after every Hajj performance, all sins are automatically washed
off nowhere supported as such in the Quraan or authentic Hadith. More
over this gives a wrong impetus to commit more and more sins and
perform repeated Hajj to wash off the sins.
Therefore after HAJJ performance and sincere Taubah (repentance), the
person concerned should shun all sins and evils and live a life of
piety and righteousness and do good deeds to earn the Blessings of
Allah. Further instead of excessive performances of
the money thus saved may be spent on any good deed and helping the poor
and the needy. According to authentic Hadeeth, our Prophet performed
Hajj only once to set an example for his followers to avoid excesses.
HAJJ Qurbani is linked
performance of HAJJ only and the place of Qurbani is only near Kabaa in
Makkah. Allah allowed Qurbani by those performing Hajj for eating and
distributing the meat to the poor and the needy. Further Allah has
allowed that those who cannot afford to make Hajj Qurbani, they should
keep fast for 3 days during HAJJ and further fast for 7 days after they
reach their homes, thus totalling10 days. Please see details in
Al_Quraan: 002:196 / 022:026-037. This indicates how Allah has made the
Hajj rituals easy to follow. Hence please avoid all misguidance,
exploitation and deviations in this regard and must follow the Quraan.
As for the Sunnah
this took place some 6000 years before the Quraan was bestowed by Allah
on our Prophet on completion of our Deen-e- Islaam, (Ref: Al_Quraan:
005:003). The details are mentioned separately in another Surah
Al-Sifah, (Ref: Al_Quraan: 037:102-108). Actually in those days people
were much deviated and also indulged in human sacrifices to please
their false and Demi Gods. Hajj and Namaz rituals were not complete. As
such Allah wanted to guide these deviated humanity to the right path.
Hence Allah ordered Hazrath Ibrahim to slaughter his son,
Ismail which he tried to comply. Then Allah pleased with the devotion
and submission of Hazrath Ibrahim put a lamb/goat instead for
slaughter. Hence this Sunnah Ibrahimi can be given any time subject to
requirements (Ref: Al_Quraan: 022:034) but cannot be linked as a
Faraiz/obligation with ‘Eid ul Adha Namaz’ prayed only by those NOT
performing Hajj and that too without Azan. This is a simple ritual
wrongly made binding on us to become overzealous to indulge in mass
slaughter of animals and wastage of money instead of helping the poor
and the needy. At the most each family can make one Qurbani if required
with Halal income.
Further, those who
perform Hajj don’t
pray Eid-ul Adha Namaz and therefore it has been made a Wajib Namaz
without Azan for non-Hajis without any binding of Qurbani. Actually
this is a very simple ritual made hard due to exploitation and lack of
the Quraanic knowledge on our part. Please avoid misguidance and
excesses in religious matters and rituals (Ref: Al_Quraan:
004:171/005:77). Please read the Quraan or its translation again and
again to understand the Quraan and improve your Deeni knowledge.
Allah directs the Muslims to uphold the TRUTH of the Holy Quraan and
avoid all sort of excesses and over-acting in religious matters and
rituals and not to follow the misguidance of such people i.e. Alims,
Maulanas, scholars, Imams etc who have gone astray from the Right Path
of Allah, (Ref: Al _Quraan: 002:042 / 004:171 / 005:077).
Hence avoid Qurbani excesses due to misguidance and exploitation.
… Be moderate as Ummath Wasth in
all matters of life and rituals, (Ref: Al_Quraan: 002:143).
Allah has prohibited Qurbani/slaughter of calf (being infant) and the
cow for Qurbani should neither be too old nor suffer from any
disability/defect but should be young, (Ref: Al_Quraan:
002:067-071). Hence please desist from slaughtering an infant calf.
Avoid misguidance. Follow Allah’s Guidance strictly in this regard as
none can amend it.
… Only the piety (TAQWA) of the
Qurbani giver reaches Allah not the meat, (Ref: Al_Quraan:
005:027 / 022:037). Hence the Qurbani giver should be pious with Halal
Islaam is an easy and clear religion and there is no compulsion or
force in our DEEN as to slaughter animals on mass scale on the occasion
of Eid Ul Adha by those not performing Hajj. Even if necessary have,
only one Qurbani for a whole family is enough. Please avoid committing
excesses and over-acting in religious rituals due to misguidance and
exploitation on the basis of weak Hadiths, tales and stories,
traditions and sayings contrary to the Quraan. Instead please help the
poor and needy. Please note that every one of us is answerable directly
to Allah alone for all of our deeds and misdeeds without any Sifarish /
recommendation / Dua of any Wasila / saint / Pir / Baba / Alim / Imam
etc. (dead or alive) as in other non-Islaamic religions.
… Allah prohibited priesthood,
(Ref: Al_Quraan: 057:027) as its results in religious exploitation.
All our brothers,
sisters and younger
generation who don't know Arabic are cordially requested to read
translation of the Quraan with explanation/Tafsir again and again to
understand the Guidance/Mohekmath of Allah (003:007) to avoid being
misled, deviated or misguided. The basic aim of Allah is to guide the
erring and deviated entire humanity to HIS Right Path and not the Arabs
alone. Tilawath means following the Guidance of Allah (003:007) after
reading and understanding the Quraan and not simply reading or reciting
it without understanding as being projected. Thanks.
The Holy Quraan by Abdullah Yusuf Ali;
Tarjuma Quraan by Syed Abul Ala Maudoodi;
The Quraan by Saheeh International, Shah Faisal National Library,
Ryadh, Saudi Arabia.
Al-Quraan, the Miracle of Miracles and free from contradictions and