In the Name of Allah, Most Gracious, Most Merciful
Lessons from the Last Sermon of Prophet Muhammad
months after Muhammad's (pbuh) first and last Pilgrimmage to Mecca, he
fell ill. On the Ninth Day of the Islamic month Dhul Hijjah 10 A.H.
(632CE) in the 'Uranah valley of Mount Arafat' (in Mecca), he gave a
sermon to his people after leading them in prayer. After praising, and thanking God he said:
"O People, lend me an attentive
ear, for I know not whether after this year, I shall ever be amongst
you again. Therefore listen to what I am saying to you very carefully
and TAKE THESE WORDS TO THOSE WHO COULD NOT BE PRESENT HERE TODAY.
O People, just as you regard
this month, this day, this city as Sacred, so regard the life and
property of every Muslim as a sacred trust. Return the goods entrusted
to you to their rightful owners. Hurt no one so that no one may hurt
you. Remember that you will indeed meet your Lord, and that HE will
indeed reckon your deeds. Allah has forbidden you to take usury
(interest), therefore all interest obligation shall henceforth be
waived. Your capital, however, is yours to keep. You will neither
inflict nor suffer any inequity. Allah has Judged that there shall be
no interest and that all the interest due to Abbas ibn 'Abd'al Muttalib
(his uncle) shall henceforth be waived...
Beware of Satan, for the safety
of your religion. He has lost all hope that he will ever be able to
lead you astray in big things, so beware of following him in small
O People, it is true that you
have certain rights with regard to your women, but they also have
rights over you. Remember that you have taken them as your wives only
under Allah's trust and with His permission. If they abide by your
right then to them belongs the right to be fed and clothed in kindness.
Do treat your women well and be kind to them for they are your partners
and committed helpers. And it is your right that they do not make
friends with any one of whom you do not approve, as well as never to be
O People, listen to me in
earnest, worship Allah, say your five daily prayers (Salah), fast
during the month of Ramadan, and give your wealth in Zakat. Perform
Hajj if you can afford to.
All mankind is from Adam and
Eve, an Arab has no superiority over a non-Arab nor a non-Arab has any
superiority over an Arab; also a white has no superiority over black
nor a black has any superiority over white except by piety and good
action. Learn that every Muslim is a brother to every Muslim and that
the Muslims constitute one brotherhood. Nothing shall be legitimate to
a Muslim which belongs to a fellow Muslim unless it was given freely
and willingly. Do not, therefore, do injustice to yourselves.
Remember, one day you will
appear before Allah and answer your deeds. So beware, do not stray from
the path of righteousness after I am gone.
O People, NO PROPHET OR APOSTLE
WILL COME AFTER ME AND NO NEW FAITH WILL BE BORN. Reason well,
therefore, O People, and understand words which I convey to you. I
leave behind me two things, the Qur'an and my example, the Sunnah and
if you follow these you will never go astray.
All those who listen to me shall
pass on my words to others and those to others again; and may the last
ones understand my words better than those who listen to me directly.
Be my witness, O Allah, that I have conveyed your message to your
When he finished his farewell speech, the following revelations come to him, the final verse of the Qur'an.
day, I have perfected your religion for you, COMPLETED My favour upon
you, and have chosen for you Islam as your religion..." (Al_Quraan 005:003).
Soon after this sermon, his last
in the mosque, Muhammad (pbuh) became so weak that he could not move.
He then appointed Abu Bakr(ra), his right-hand man, to lead the
prayers. He spent the rest of his illness in the apartment of his
beloved wife A'ishah (ra). On the early morning of twelfth of Rabi'
al-Awwal, three months after, the prophet?s fever abated and he went to
the mosque with assitance. He sat on the right of Abu Bakr and
completed the prayer while seated.
Hours later, he lost
consciousness. His last words were "My Lord, grant me pardon" though
some sources say "The prayer! The prayer!" and some say he tried to
make some motion, as if to write something. There is also a hadith
narrated by his wife, Ayesha, where she heard him tell the angel that
he'd rather die and meet God than stay on Earth.He died in the evening
of the twelfth of Rabi' al-Awwal (June 8, 632 C.E.) at the age of
sixty-three, in the arms of his wife Ayesha.
The news of the Muhammad's death
was so hard upon close companions and Muslims that some of them refused
to believe that he had passed away. (At the close of his death, he
looked youthful as if in his forties and his face always shown a great
radiance). Upon hearing this, Abu Bakr (ra). who was later to become
the first caliph, went to the mosque and delivered one of the noblest
"O People! If Muhammad is the
sole object of your adoration, then know that he is dead. But if it is
Allah (The One God) you Worshiped, then know that He does not die."
He then recited the following verse from the Al_Quraan, 003:144, which was revealed after the Battle of Uhud:
"Muhammad is no more than a
Messenger: many were the Messengers that passed away before him. If he
died or were slain, will you then turn back on your heels? If any did
turn back on his heels, not the least harm will he do to Allah; but
Allah (on the other hand) will swiftly reward those who (serve Him)
The Prophet was buried the next
day at the same place where he died. The place of his burial was
decided by his saying as related by Abu Bakr (ra): "Allah does not
cause a prophet to die but in the place where he is to be buried."
Sahih Muslim Book 15, Hadith 159
Sunan al-Tirmidhi Vol. 1, Book 7, Hadith 1163
Sunan ibn Maja Vol. 3, Book 9, Hadith 1851
Hadith reported in Musnad Ahmad ibn Hanbal
Report by historian Ibn Ishaq
Report by author Al-Jahiz
Lessons to Learn from Last Serman of Prophet Muhammad (Peace-Be-Upon-Him):
1> Love Humanity without any discrimination, since Saving a Life is like Saving the Whole World, (Ref. Al_Quraan_005.032).
2> Prophet Muhammad (Peace-Be-Upon-Him) Delevered and Practiced the Quraan only, there
were NO Sahi Bukhari, Sahi Muslims or Sihah sitta (i.e. Sahih Bukhari,
Sahih Muslim, Sunan Abu Dawud, Sunan al-Sughra, Sunan al-Tirmidhi and
Sunan Ibn Majah), during of Prophet Muhammad (Peace-Be-Upon-Him)
as well as during the life of any of Sahabas. The Quraan is the Sunnah as well since Prophet Muhammad (Peace-Be-Upon-Him) 100% practiced the Quraan. Book of Hadeeth were written some 200
years after Prophet Muhammad (Peace-Be-Upon-Him) and it took few
more centuries to penetrate into Ummat-e-Ibrahim and after that signs
of down fall of Ummat-e-Ibrahim started showing up, since they started
deviating from the Quraan. Since the communications were very slow at
that time and reprinting and reproducing was extremely hard so
deviating from the Quraan was slow as well. The Quraan is in Arabic and
Arabs are deviated from the Quraan and paying the prices and being
wiped out. In the beginning of 21st century it is NOT Arab Spring Rising, rather it is Arab Autumn Falling and they are being wiped out.
3> Obey Allah and Rasool means what is coming from the mouth of Rasool and is recorded in the Quraan is actually the word of Allah
. Otherwise people could have raise question show Allah. The Quraan is FOUR
in one the Kalaam/Word/Hadeeth of Allah, Kalaam/Word/Hadeeth of Prophet Muhammad (Peace-Be-Upon-Him), Sunnah of
Prophet Muhammad (Peace-Be-Upon-Him) since he practiced the Quraan 100%, and Seerat-un-Nabi of many Prophets (Peace-Be-Upon-Them), since it has mentioned about few of the Prophets (Peace-Be-Upon-Them).
4> Allah sent Prophets and Messengers (Peace-Be-Upon-Them) all over the world till Prophet Muhammad (Peace-Be-Upon-Him).
After him it is duty of TRUE living Auliyaas and Global Aulayas to call
humanity towards the Quaan, who don't ask money/donations for their
5> It is duty on all Ummat-e-Ibrahin to find such TRUE living Auliyaas and Global Auliyaas and follow them in sprit. Already enough destruction to this Ummat-e-Ibrahim had happened and now enough has become enough as well.
True/Real living Auliyas Unite Ummah-e-Ibraheem <---> False/Fake Auliyas (Hypocrites) Divide Ummat-e-Ibrahim
.Visible and Invisible living Auliyaas are Helpers of DEEN <---> Global Auliyaa Thinks Globally
MUST STOP Wastage of Money/Wealth on Mujra, Mushaira, Husnay Qirat,
Mehfil-E-Ghazal, Naat-e-Rasool Maqbool, Falsehoods and Hypocrisies etc.
and reflect on the Quraan in sprit
.Hypocrites don’t read
translations of the Quraan to understand, if he/she don’t understand
.Hypocrites don’t encourage to Learn Quraanic Arabic Language
and are Road Blockers
.Only Protected Book is the Quraan and all other
Books including Hadeeth, Bible, etc. are NOT protected by Allah
.Non-Practicing Muslims are like ASS / Donkey carrying books
, (Ref: Al_Quraan_062.005).None argue concerning the revelations (Ayaat) of Allah but those who disbelieve
…, (Ref: Al_Quraan_040.004).Why Waiting for Saviors for Thousands of Years When Humanity is Dying Now, Join Us to Save Humanity Now Before it Gets Too Late