the Name of Allah, Most Gracious, Most Merciful
Tips (911) for Disasters
Irshad Mahmood - Director, Siraat-al-Mustaqeem Dawah Centre
do happen. How
prepared are you? How prepared is your
Add emergency contact in your Cell Phone against ICE (In Case of
take a few minutes to think about your safety and
the safety of your family. A
talking and planning with your family this week will mean a lot when an
911 or __________________
(in case of emergency)
you are ill, who should be contacted?
must be well prepared according to the weather conditions.
might need to bundle up of several layers of warm cloths and
jackets/coats etc., in extreme deep freeze cold to avoid frostbite or
hypothermia. If you really have to go outside, wool, silk or fleece
layers are preferable. Avoid cotton because it doesn’t hold
heat well and doesn’t dry quickly if it gets wet. Also, be
the outer layer of your clothing is tightly woven, or wind resistant.
Mittens are warmer than gloves. If you really have to use Gas
Heater, Coal or Wood for Heating, make sure
it is safe and you
must leave your window enough open for the Carbon Dioxide and
Carbon Mono Oxide,
it may kill you and your loved one. Alternative option would be to go
to those nearest
public shelter which really have all the arrangements.
make sure all appliances are properly shutdown. It is also advised to
have gas stove and gas water heater and mini electric stove, so that if
electricity goes off then at least you should be able to cook and have
hot water as well and if gas goes off then can prepare foods on mini
electric stove at least. Dripping water from hot and cold tap may
prevent pipe bursting due to extreme cold up to certain limit if there
is no freezing drainage.
You might need to have alternate arrangements during extreme
hot weather to avoid sun stroke.
may have some of these items already, such as a
flashlight, battery-operated radio, foods, water and blankets. The key
make sure they are organized and easy to find. Would you be able to
flashlight in the dark?
sure your kit is easy to carry. Keep it in a backpack,
duffel bag or suitcase with wheels, in an easy-to-reach, accessible
as your front hall closet. Make sure everyone in the household knows
find the emergency kit.
you will need to survive for 72 hours:
– at least two liters of water per person per day
(include small bottles that can be carried easily in case of an
that won’t spoil, such as canned food, energy bars and
dried foods (remember to replace the food and water once a year)
and matches or lighter (remember to place candles
in sturdy containers and to put them out before going to sleep)
or wind-up radio (and extra batteries)
items such as prescription medications, infant
formula and equipment for people with disabilities
keys for your car and house
cash in smaller bills, such as $10 bills (travelers
cheques are also useful) and change for payphones
copy of your Emergency Plan including contact
information, escape routes, meeting place
additional kit supplies:
always a good idea to have extra supplies on hand.
are some recommendations:
change of clothing and footwear
for each household member
bag or warm blanket for
each household member
whistle (in case you need to
bags for personal
additional liters of water
per person per day for cooking and cleaning
paper and other personal
tools (hammer, pliers,
wrench, screwdrivers, fasteners, work gloves)
fuel-driven stove and fuel (follow manufacturer's directions
have a car, prepare a small kit and keep it in the trunk.
basic car kit should include
the following items:
that won’t spoil, such as
clothing and shoes
in a deep can and matches
aid kit with seatbelt
light or road flares
shovel, scraper and
of contact numbers
additional items to keep in your car:
is always a good idea to have extra supplies on hand.
Here are some recommendations:
salt or cat litter
rope, jumper cables
whistle and flashlight
disaster is an event that could hurt people and animals
as well as cause damage. For example, during a flood, water could
house's basement. During an earthquake, a falling object could hurt
Floods and earthquakes are therefore disasters.
What is an
Emergency Plan is a document describing how to respond
to an emergency. Reading it will help everyone be prepared for
disasters. For example, who will warn all people if a flood occurs at
building? Where should people go if your building is not usable? Who
contacted? An emergency plan is used to answer questions BEFORE a
response actions are planned for every disaster,
everyone will be prepared and know what to do. Does your municipality
emergency plan? Contact municipal authorities to know if there is one
What can I
can prepare an emergency kit and learn how to react in
case of a tornado, flood, earthquake or ice storm.
Emergency Kit ready?
an emergency kit to support you and your family for
72 hours. Everyone should know where the emergency kit is stored. Make it easy to find.
you know which disasters can occur in your region? Know
what your municipality has in effect for emergency plans.
learn what to do in the event of a disaster.
libraries and municipalities will have books on
your Home from Disaster:
happen. There is not much we can do about that.
But there are things we can do to protect our homes and reduce the risk
they will be damaged. Reducing the risk is called "mitigation."
Although some mitigation is very expensive and complicated -- like
home to a different piece of land that is higher or away from a river
things are easy. Here are some things you and your family can do to
the proximity of electric cords, curtains, tea towels
and oven cloths to ensure they are at a safe distance from the stove.
careful of long, flowing sleeves on dressing gowns, Shawl
(Dopattaa) etc. contacting gas flames.
leave your kitchen unattended even for a second, if
the stove is on.
sure the stove is turned off, if you are leaving the
sure nothing is on the stove, if you are leaving the
allow anyone to smoke inside the home. Make your
house a NO smoking house.
use a qualified electrician for all electrical
wiring work. Never attempt to do it yourself. Double adaptors and
can overload power points. Install safety switches and correct fuses.
use a qualified gas technician for all plumbing
work. Never attempt to do it yourself.
appliances cause fires. Either have them repaired or
discard them. Destroy faulty appliances before disposing of them.
appliances bought at garage sales or markets should be professionally
before use. Never place cords under carpets or rugs. Faulty plugs and
should be replaced. If a fire starts, turn off power at power point or
switchboard immediately, if safe to do so.
electric blankets. Don’t sleep with electric blankets
on or leave the house without switching them off. Never leave weighty
on the bed when the electric blanket is on. Have your blanket checked
authorized repairer or service center if you suspect overheating.
Always follow manufacturer's instructions for care and storage. Ensure
each blanket is
inspected annually at the beginning of the cooler months.
all flammable liquids such as petrol, kerosene or
methylated spirits away from heaters, hot water service pilot flames
naked flames. Check the label before use and storage. Use extreme care
clean lint filters after each load. Avoid drying
bras in your dryer as the under-wire can get caught and start a fire.
fires are also started from cooking. It is easier to
start a fire with a gas stove because of actual flames being used. Food
boils over a pot can start a fire. It is also possible to start a fire
having a towel or oven mitt too close to the flame.
Deep Fries, since oil may get fire.
special precautions if you are living in the wooden
house (not made of full bricks) as in the west due to cold weather,
most of the
houses are made of wood.
put valuable items and appliances in the basement
where they are more likely to be flooded.
and water don’t mix! Have the main breaker or fuse
box and the utility meters raised above the flood level for your area,
way, if your home floods, water won’t damage your utilities.
flood insurance. To learn more about flood insurance
call insurance agencies.
lose your roof to high winds! Have hurricane straps
installed to keep the roof attached to the walls.
storm shutters to protect windows and glass. Use them
when severe weather is coming. The storm shutters protect against
like tree trunks or other things carried by strong winds.
or strap cupboards and bookcases to the walls and keep
heavy objects on the lower shelves so they don’t fall on
your water heater to a nearby wall. This will keep
your gas water heater from falling on someone or starting a fire from a
your home bolted to the foundation. Anchor bolts cost
as little as $2 each. They should be installed every six feet on the
edges of your house.
a safety zone around the house that separates your
home from plants and bushes that can burn easily. Clear dead brush and
from your property. It will act as fuel for a fire.
branches around your home free of dead or dying wood
tile or flame-retardant shingles on your roof instead
of wood shakes or standard shingles. This will cut the chance that
debris in the air will catch your roof on fire.
the event you or your family members become ill, you may
wish to have a relative or friend notified of the situation. They may
to offer additional information to the health care providers treating
may be able to help with your care.
to you (or your family):
to you (or your family):
of name of the person to contact and his phone number in your CELL
you and/or a family member are ill, you may need others
to notify your place of work or any schools your children attend. In
during a pandemic, you may need to check periodically to determine if
facilities have closed their operations.
Name of School:
Name of School:
Emergency Health Information Sheet:
a flu pandemic or other health emergency, you may be
required to provide specific health information about yourself and
your care to those offering health care services. This information is
to health care providers when considering how best to treat you and
family. Fill in as much information as possible
family member, using the chart below.
Health Card Number:
and Contact Information for Current Health Care Provider(s):
some materials to have conversations with your
children. Alleviate their fear by involving them in discussions in a
your house hygienically clean, as much as possible. Two places where
bacteria may grow faster, are Bathroom/Toilet
kitchen as well. In old houses where there might be cracks or gaps
between floors and side walls may occur, especially in those houses
which are made from woods. Make sure to fill those gaps properly. For
filling minor gaps and cracks soft steel wool which is used to clean
dishes may be very helpful. Additionally you can get medicines for all
types of insects, mice etc. from pest control shops. Make sure to
protect these chemicals from children.
Al-Quraan, the Miracle of Miracles and free from contradictions and