بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم

In the Name of Allah, Most Gracious, Most Merciful

Global ISLAMIC CALENDAR

by Irshad Mahmood - Director, Siraat-al-Mustaqeem Dawah Centre

That (Sun and Moon) is the measure of the mighty (Al_Quraan_036.037)

They ask thee, (O Muhammad), of NEW MOON. Say: They are fixed seasons for the whole mankind and for the pilgrimage… (Al_Quraan_002.189)

(Every Month must start with the NEW Crescent MOON Globally NOT Locally)

Years, Months and Days are GLOBAL while Salaat Time is Local

The day JUMA is GLOABL while its prayers time is Local

Very First Lailatul Qadr was according to Makkah al-Mukarramah ( مكة المكرمة) Calendar

Lailatul Qadar - Two Nights or One Night and Which Night


Remember: Fasting on the Eid Day is Forbidden. Be Positive and don't do the Great Mistake that I am Right or My Group is Right. After all, I am human being and I may be wrong.

Also the 9th Dhil Hajj is the Global Day of Arafah

Do not fast unless you (UMMAH Globally) sight the crescent, and do not break your fast till you (UMMAH Globally) sight the (following) crescent.” (Al-Bukhari, Vol. 3:130).


Celebration of Eid and starting of Ramadaan has become a BIG Joke in the Global Muslim World, who are widely divided and celebrating their Eid, or starting their Fasting on 2 to 3 different days. Don't forget that there is only one Sun, one Earth and its one Moon. Thanks to Allah, Fridays are not decided by moon sightings otherwise it could be real mess.

This is a Critical Issue. We need to remember that on the Day of Eid, Fasting is prohibited (Haraam). So we need to understand it with True and Sincere Love for Allah and with a broad mind.

Also keep in mind that the very First Global Lailatul Qadr was according to one Global Islaamic Calendar from Maghrib till Fajir in Makkah for the whole world, who are sharing same night with Makkah and the Day of Arafah 9th Dhil Hajj who are sharing same day with Makkah, at the time of Hajj is to unite the Muslim Ummah on one Global Islaamic Day, for only one thing: the Love for Allah alone on one Global Day of Arafa, i.e. 9th Dhill-Hajj Globally by sharing same day like sharing Friday globally.

Those who are Sharing Same Night with Kabah, Makkah must celebrate their Eid and Ramadaan same together, (Ref: Al_Quraan_097.005). Global Moon sighting must be observed around Makkah. At the time of Magrib (Sunset) in Makkah then people in the far east, who have not yet started their Fajir time, are sharing the same night. Also before time of Fajir at Makkah people on the far west, who have started their Maghrib (Sunset) time, are sharing the same night. Remember: Kabah in Makkah is Center of the Earth.

We may never Unite Muslim Ummaah, if we celebrate Eid/Ramadaan etc. on different days and also have different Worshipping Methods in this modern age with advanced technology. We must acknowledge all Muslims around the Globe.

We have seen, I am Right, you are right, we all are right. BUT it didn't work and Ummaah is being butchered for centuries. The Great Mistake of a human is that “I am Right” (100% correct). If he is right, it is very good, BUT if he is wrong then it is WORST and he will never ever correct himself and might go to hell forever.

One must keep in his mind is that he could be wrong at some point and so he always needs to keep getting good knowledge by Listening to all BUT following the truth.

Allah already mentioned the solution of moon sighting in the Quraan very CLEARLY that it MUST be according to Makkah Islaamic Calendar globally depending upon Very First Visible Birth of the Moon near the House of Allah (Kabah for the whole world, NOT according to any specific region/area/house/ or backyard, and we must take guidance from the Quraan to perform Hajj for all Muslims around the Globe and not very specific to one region, do fasting in the month of Ramadaan and celebrate Eid, GLOBALLY and follow one Makkah Islaamic Calendar globally in the light of Quraan (book of guidance) (Ref: Al_Quraan_002.189, 003.096, 006.096, 010.005).

They ask you (Muhammad {Peace be Upon Him}) about the (visible) phases of the moon! Say, They provide a timing device for the Global People, and Determine the Time of HAJJ (in Makkah for the whole world Globally), and it is not righteousness that you should enter the houses by back doors, but righteousness is this that one should guard (against evil); and go into the houses by their (main) doors and be careful (of your duty) to Allah, that you may be successful, (Al_Quraan, { Surah Al-baqara} 002.189).

In the above verses Allah is clearly mentioning that the Phase of the Moon is to Determine the Time of HAJJ and Do Not create your personal calendar, rather build one unified Global Islaamic Calendar which must follow Makkah Islaamic Calendar.


Remember: Before the advancement of modern technological when communication was very slow even in Saudi Arabia different cities could have been celebrating Eid and Ramadan at different days like in Pakistan Muslims observing Eid and Ramadan on three different days still at the beginning of 21st Century. Universe is expending as per the Quraan (Ref: Al_Quraan.051:047) and thanks to Allah by the advancement of modern communication we can use modern tools like telescope for more accuracy and we already have very accurate data for moon sightings in Makkah, we can inform rest of the world in advance and celebrate Eid, Ramadaan etc., Globally according to Makkah Islaamic Calendar, regardless of whether in the far east in India, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Japan, China, Malaysia, Indonesia or Australia or New Zealand etc., people have not seen the crescent moon or in the far west in North America (USA, Canada or Mexico etc.) and South America (Brazil, Argentina, Peru, Chile etc.), WE MUST FOLLOW MAKKAH AND OBSERVE MAKKAH ISLAAMIC CALEDER for Global Muslims Unity. Yes we must use modern technology to observe Moon Sighting in around Kabaah in Makkah the first Qibla and the first House of Allah, since any modern technology which benefits humanity is Halaal, and we must announce it using modern technology as well.

Also keep in mind it will be hard to see the crescent moon in cities due to lights and pollutions etc. We should listen and observe to those in far remote areas near Kabah, Makkah, where there is less pollution, or even better, take advantage of modern astronomy. Not only Global Warming BUT Global Dimming and other unknown factors may be causing difficulty in sighting the Crescent Moon. Global Dimming was discovered just after 11-SEP-2001, when all the US flights were grounded for three days: http://www.informationclearinghouse.info/article15809.htm

With the availability of Modern Technology, we must calculate crescent moon sightings and also physically verify moon sighting with the naked eye around Kabah in Makkah, and inform Global Muslim World and no one should look for the Moon Sighting in their backyard individually in the far north or south or east or west, instead Follow Makkah. It is not for your region in the far north or south or east or west, instead it is to perform HAJJ globally according to Makkah Islaamic Calendar. Every Month must start with the NEW Crescent MOON (Very First Visible Birth of the Moon) in around Kabah in Makah and announced it Globally. Invisibility of moon before New Crescent is like it is in mother’s womb and is not yet born.

Years, Months and Days are GLOBAL while Salaat Time is Local. Also the day JUMA is GLOABL while its prayers time is Local, and is similar to New Year on 1st January, but its breakfast, lunch and dinner etc. times are local.

Allah told to face Makkah means follow Makkah and get guidance from Makkah for Hajj, Umrah, Salaat, Ramadaan and Eid etc., and do not divide Religion Islaam, since those who Divide their Religion and break up into Sects, thou hast NO part in them in the least: their affair is with Allah, (Ref: Al_Quraan_002.125-129, 002.130-138, 002.142-144, 002.149-150, 002.189, 003.095-097, 003.103, 003.106, 006.096, 006.159, 010.005).

As an example to understand, if suppose Prophet Muhammad (sav) is alive today, and he has to start Ramadaan or celebrate Eid today, then which day will you do start fasting or celebrate Eid?

If in Kabah, Makkah (First House of Allah) and in Masjid-e-Nabvi in Madinah Munawwarah people start Ramadaan or celebrate Eid today, then which day will you do start fasting or celebrate Eid?

We must unite on ONE method of worship of Prophet Ibraheem (Peace-Be-Upon-Him), and we must take guidance from the Quraan (True Book of Guidance), Kabah in Makkah and must not divide ourselves on all religious issues including Salaat, Zakaat, Hajj, Umrah, etc., (Ref: Al_Quraan_002.001-005, 003.095-097).

If you are not following Makkah to Establish Salaat, Celebrate Ramadaan, Eid, Hajj etc., then you are dividing Religion Islaam and your matter is with Allah, (Ref: Al_ Quraan_002.125-129, 002.130-138, 002.142-144, 002.149-150, 002.189, 003.095-097, 003.103, 003.106, 006.096, 006.159, 010.005).

None argue concerning the revelations (Ayaat) of Allah but those who disbelieve..., (Ref: Al_Quraan_040.004).

IF QURAAN CANNOT CONVIENCE YOU NOTHING WILL

We must not forget our Islamic Months and we must teach our Kids to remember the Islamic Months:

Islamic Calendar starts from the first day of Hijra (Migration), when Rasool Allah (Peace Be Upon Him) Migrated from Makkah al-Mukarramah ( مكة المكرمة) to Medina permanently for the establishment of an Islamic State.

Below is the list of Islamic Months in order.

1>      Muharram                               Islamic New Year on 1st of Muharram. Ashura on 10th of Muharram.

2>      Safar

3>      Rabiiul-Awwal                       Birth of Rasool Allah (Peace Be Upon Him) on 12th of Rabiiul-Awwal.

4>      Rabiiul-Thani

5>      Jumadal-Awwal

6>      Jumadal-Thani

7>      Rajab                                       Israa and Meraj - The Night Journey of Rasool Allah (Peace Be Upon Him) on 27th Rajab.

8>      Shaabaan

9>      Ramadaan                             The Month of Fasting.

                                                             Lailar-ul-Qadr. Any odd number night between 21st and 29th of Ramadan.

10>    Shawwaal                               Eid-ul-Fitr. The Feast after Fast on 1st of Shawwal.

11>    Zul-Qaidah

12>    Zul-Hijjah                                 Waqfatu Arafat - The Day of Arafat on 9th Zul-Hijjah.

                                                              Eid-ul-Adha - The Feast of Sacrifice on 10th Zul-Hijjah.


Celebration of Eid and Starting of Ramadaan became BIG Joke in the Muslim Ummaah, who are widely divided and celebrating their Eid, or starting their Fasting on 3 to 4 different days in the whole world. Don't forget that Sun is one, Earth is one and its Moon is one. Thanks to Allah, it is not for Friday, otherwise it could be real mess.

This is a Critical Issue. We need to remember on the Day of Eid, Fasting is prohibited (Haraam). So we need to understand it with the Love for Allah and with broad mind.

Also the Day of Arafa 9th Dhil Hajj, at the time of Hajj is to unite the Muslim Ummaah, for only one thing for the Love for Allah alone on one Global Day of HAJJ, i.e. 9th Dhill-Hajj Globally.

We may never Unite Muslim Ummaah, if we celebrate Eid / Ramadaan etc. on different days and also having different Worshipping Methods.

We have seen, I am right, you are right, we all are right. BUT it didn't worked and Ummaah is being butchered for centuries. The Basic Human Mistake is I am right (100% correct). If he is right, it is very good, BUT if he is wrong then it is WORST and he will never ever correct himself and might go to hell forever.

One must keep in his mind that he could be wrong at some point and so he always needs to keep getting good knowledge.

We must trust each other. If a True Muslim, medically OK to see the moon says that he saw the moon, we must have to believe on him and Celebrate our Eid or Start Fasting on Ramadaan Globally.

Let Us see what Allah says in the Quraan about the Sun and the Moon:

They ask you about the phases of the moon! Say, "They provide a timing device for the people, and determine the time of Hajj (Globally on 9th Dhill-Hajj)." It is not righteous to beat around the bush; righteousness is attained by upholding the commandments and by being straightforward. You shall observe GOD, that you may succeed. (Al_Quraan_002:189)

(Remember:    The day of Hajj is 9th Dhil-Hajj, which is the same all around the Globe)

He causes the dawn to break; and He has made the night for rest, and the sun and the moon for reckoning (to serve as calculating devices); this is an arrangement of the Mighty, the Knowing. (Al_Quraan_006:096)

(Remember:    Here Allah is emphasizing that we may calculate the months and years on a Global basis.)

He is the One who made the sun radiant (brightness), and the moon a light, and He designed its phases that you may learn to count the years and to calculate. GOD did not create all this, except for a specific purpose. He explains the revelations for people who know. (Al_Quraan_010:005)

(Remember:    Here again Allah is emphasizing that we may calculate the months and years on a Global basis.)

And We have made the night and the day two signs, then We have made the sign of the night to pass away and We have made the sign of the day manifest, so that you may seek grace from your Lord, and that you might know the numbering of years and the reckoning (This also establishes for you a timing system, and the means of calculation); and We have explained everything with distinctness. (Al_Quraan_017:012)

(Remember:    Here again Allah is emphasizing that we may calculate the months and years on a Global basis.)

And a Sign for them is the Night: We withdraw there from the Day, and behold they are plunged in darkness; And the sun runs his course for a perfect period determined for him: that is the decree of (Him), the Exalted in Might, the All-Knowing. And the Moon,- We have measured for her mansions (to traverse) till she returns like the old (and withered) lower part of a date-stalk. It is not permitted to the Sun to catch up the Moon, nor can the Night outstrip the Day: Each (just) swims along in (its own) orbit (according to Law). (Al_Quraan_036:037-040)

(Remember:    Here Allah is emphasizing that the Sun and the Moon are perfectly traveling in their perfect orbits for perfect period with perfect measure, so it can be calculated at present time with the help of Computers and Astronomy and we can build a Hundred Year Calendar)

The sun and the moon are perfectly calculated. (Al_Quraan_055:005)

(Remember:    Again, Allah is telling us that the Sun and the Moon are perfectly calculated, so at present time with the help of Computers and Astronomy and we can build a Hundred Year Calendar)

And an announcement (Globally) from Allah and His Messenger to the people (Globally) on the day of the greater pilgrimage (Day of Arafa, 9th Dhil Hajj, Globally) that Allah and His Messenger are free from liability to the idolaters; therefore if you repent, it will be better for you, and if you turn back, then know that you will not weaken Allah; and announce painful punishment to those who disbelieve. (Al_Quraan_009.003)

Can we have Hundred Year Global Islamic Calendar?

According to Quraan, Surat Al_Yasin, Ayat 37 – 40 and with the help of Astronomy and space and computer it is really possible to prove it. Perhaps not before Year 1995.

1>               Orbit, Speed and velocity of Sun are fixed.

2>               Orbit, Speed and velocity of Moon are also fixed.

3>               Only variable things are Clouds, Industrial smokes that include traffic smokes.

The Width of Moon will always increase before a full moon at a fixed Ratio and will decrease after a full moon at the same ratio at every second in an Analog way. Its increment and decrement is ANALOG.

We don’t include clouds and other smokes for moon sighting.

The very first Lailatul Qadr was according to Arabic (Makkah al-Mukarramah ( مكة المكرمة)) Calendar and it was for the whole world at the same time. Not according to Pakistan or India or Australia or USA (California) time, on different day.

Beauty of very First Lailatul Qadr, which was from the time of Maghrib till the time of Fajir according to the time of Makkah al-Mukarramah ( مكة المكرمة). It started at the time of Magrib in Makkah al-Mukarramah ( مكة المكرمة), while it was the time of Fajir in the Far East, in Australia. So it covered all the east by sharing the same night. Similarly when it was the time of Fajir in Makkah al-Mukarramah ( مكة المكرمة), It was the time of Magrib in the Far West, USA. So it covered all the west by sharing the same night.

At present time with the help of Modern Science, which includes Astronomy, space science and computers, it is really possible to have HUNDRED YEAR Islamic Calendar.

Announcement for Moon sighting:

Muhammad (Peace Be Upon Him) used to send Sahabaas on the fastest running horses to do announcements about Moon Sightings in all the directions in such a way that one should go for around 2 hours and then next person should take place till the time of Fajir. Now a days we can do announcements on the Media (Web, TV, Radio etc) and we can celebrate Eid and Ramadan globally.

Months (Ramadan etc) are GLOBAL while Every Day Salaat Times are LOCAL.

Even the day of Jumaa is Global. We have same day for Jumaa but according to Local Time.

My suggestion for the Unity of Muslim Ummah:

Since the sun and the moon are the measure according to Quraan, therefore for the unity of Muslim Ummah, my suggestion will be to accept Kabah (Makkah al-Mukarramah ( مكة المكرمة)) as a center point for calculations. If the moon is born before the start of Duhr Prayer at Kabah (Makkah al-Mukarramah ( مكة المكرمة)), then the month begins at sunset of that day everywhere in the world. This requires only the calculation of new moon birth, which is well known.

Human Error:

Keep in mind that there could be human error. Below is an example.

When US says there will be Lunar Eclipse or Solar Eclipse on such and such days, even after 10 or 20 years and that really happens as well and we accept them, BUT why not for Moon Sightings???

Let us see what US Latest Research says about Moon and Moon Sightings:

According to U.S. Naval Observatory http://aa.usno.navy.mil/data/docs/MoonPhase.php

The record for an early sighting of a lunar crescent, with a telescope, is 12.1 hours after New Moon; for naked-eye sightings, the record is 15.5 hours from New Moon.

In Karachi, Pakistan, it is always difficult to see moon, while in the remote areas of NWFP, Pakistan, specially high on the mountains, it is easy to see the moon sighting. The reason showed by Chairman SUPARCO at a Science Conference in Islamabad, Pakistan. The photograph taken by Satellite at the same time for Karachi and remote area of NWFP, were very helpful to understand. In the photograph of Karachi City the big buildings were not clear due to industrial and traffic and other environmental pollutions, while the photograph of remote area of NWFP was very clear and we were able to see, even a baby goat on that photograph. Naturally in this situations we mostly have confirmed moon sightings from the remote areas.

Misguided Mullas do not preach the Quraan, do not follow the Quraan, do not understand Modern Sciences and keep their followers in the DARK.

http://eclipse.gsfc.nasa.gov/LEcat5/LE2001-2100.html

http://astropixels.com/ephemeris/moon/phases2001mst.html

http://astropixels.com/ephemeris/phasescat/phases2001.html

http://aa.usno.navy.mil/index.php

http://aa.usno.navy.mil/data/docs/MoonPhase.php

http://lunar.arc.nasa.gov

http://www.makkahcalendar.org/en/hijriCalendar.php


May Allah UNITE all Muslims. AMEEN.


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