بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم

Eid Day

by Irshad Mahmood - Director, Siraat-al-Mustaqeem Dawah Centre

Remember: Fasting on the Eid Day is Forbidden. Be Positive and don't do the Great Mistake that I am Right or My Group is Right. After all, I am human being and I may be wrong.

Also the 9th Dhil Hajj is the Global Day of Arafah

Do not fast unless you (UMMAH Globally) sight the crescent, and do not break your fast till you (UMMAH Globally) sight the (following) crescent.” (Al-Bukhari, Vol. 3:130).


Eid Prayers to Thank Allah:

The month of Ramadan is that in which the Quraan was revealed according to Global Makkah Islaamic Calendar, a guidance to men and clear proofs of the guidance and the distinction; therefore whoever of you is present in the month, he shall fast therein, and whoever is sick or upon a journey, then (he shall fast) a (like) number of other days; Allah desires ease for you, and He does not desire for you difficulty, and (He desires) that you should complete the number and that you should exalt the greatness of Allah for His having guided you and that you may give THANKS. (Al_Quraan_002.185)

The prayers of the two Eids was prescribed in the first year after the migration. It is a sunnah muakkadah as the Prophet (Peace-Be-Upon-Him) always performed these prayers and he ordered the men and women to go out to attend them.

Remember: There is NO Duhr Salaat if you are offering the Friday Salaat, so skip the Duhr Salaat. the Friday (Jumaa) Salaat consists of the Friday (Jumaa) Speech (Khutba), which is already included in the Eid Prayers with much bigger gathering and entire town may join together, so this is count as the Friday (Jumaa) Salaat, so it is optional to offer an additional the Friday (Juma ) Salaat on the Eid Day, Duhr Salaat will be enough instead of the Friday Salaat. BUT if you are offering in the Masjid, then you must have to offer the Friday (Juma) Salaat, specially if the Masjid is near to your place and it is reachable, where you often go for the Friday (Juma) Salaat, You Should go for the Friday (Juma) Salaat.

O you (Men and Women) who believe! When the call is proclaimed to prayer on Friday (the Day of Assembly), haste unto remembrance of Allah and leave your trading (business). That is better for you (Men and Women) if you (Men and Women) did but know. And when the prayer is ended, then disperse in the land and seek of Allah's bounty, and remember Allah much, that you (Men and Women) may be successful. (Al_Quraan_062.009-010)

Sahih Al-Bukhari HadithHadith 7.479 Narrated byAbu Ubai
Then I witnessed the 'Id with 'Uthman bin 'Affan, and that was on a Friday. He offered the prayer before the sermon, saying, "O people! Today you have two 'Ida (festivals) together, so whoever of those who live at Al-'Awali (
suburbs) would like to wait for the Jumua prayer, he may wait, and whoever would like to return (home) is granted my permission to do so." Then I witnessed (the 'Ida) with 'Ali bin Abi Talib, and he too offered the 'Id prayer before the sermon and then delivered the sermon before the people and said, "Allah's Apostle has forbidden you to eat the meat of your sacrifices for more than three days." 

Al-Tirmidhi Hadeeth 1398 Narrated byUbayd ibn as-Sabbaq ; Abdullah ibn Abbas Ubayd told in mursal form that Allah`s Messenger (peace be upon him) said one Friday, "Company of Muslims, this is a day which Allah has appointed as a festival, so bathe, and if anyone has perfume it does him no harm to apply some of it; and you should use the tooth-stick." Malik transmitted it. Ibn Majah transmitted it from him, and it is fully connected form Ibn Abbas.

Sunan of Abu-DawoodHadith 1065 Narrated byZayd ibn Arqam
Ilyas ibn AbuRamlah ash-Shami said: I witnessed Mu'awiyah ibn AbuSufyan asking Zayd ibn Arqam: Did you offer along with the Apostle of Allah (peace be upon him) the Friday and 'Id prayers synchronized on the same day? He said: Yes. He asked: How did he do? He replied: He offered the 'Id prayer, then granted concession to offer the Friday prayer, and said: If anyone wants to offer it, he may offer. 

Sunan of Abu-DawoodHadith 1066 Narrated byAbdullah ibn Abbas
Ata' ibn AbuRabah said: Ibn az-Zubayr led us in the 'Id prayer on Friday early in the morning. When we went to offer the Friday, he did not come out to us. So we prayed ourselves alone. At that time Ibn Abbas was present in at-Ta'if. When he came to us, we mentioned this (incident) to him. He said: He followed the sunnah. 

Sunan of Abu-DawoodHadith 1068 Narrated byAbuHurayrah
The Prophet (peace be upon him) said: Two festivals ('Id and Friday) have synchronized on this day. If anyone does not want to offer the Friday prayer, the 'Id prayer is sufficient for him. But we shall offer the Friday prayer.

Here is what the Prophet use to do on the day of Eid (Sunnah), May Allah's peace and blessings be upon him:

      To rise early in the morning.

      Take a full bath.

      Clean the teeth.

      Wear the best cloths that he had.

      Wear perfume.

      To eat something sweet like dates before leaving home on Eid-ul-Fitr.

      For Eid-ul-Adha, he used to eat after come home from the Eid Prayer.

      Go to the Eid prayer location very early. (The Prophet use to offer Eid prayer in the central location, that is not to offer it in a Masjid of a locality without any legitimate excuse).

      The Prophet used to go to the Eid Prayer location by one route and will return through another route.

      He used to go for Eid on foot.

      He used to chant slowly on Eid-ul-Fitr and little loudly on Eid-ul-Adha the way to the Eid prayer location the following words: “Allahu Akbar, Allahu Akbar, Laa ilaaha illallahu Wallahu Akbar, Allahu Akbar, Wa lillahil Hamd." (Translation: Allah is the greatest, He is the greatest. There is no god except Allah. He is the greatest. All praises and thanks are for Him)

      For Eid-ul-Fitr, the Prophet used to give Sadqa-e-Fitr (zakatul fitr) before the Eid day. But if you have not done so please give now before the Eid. (Giving just before Eid is fine, but it is against the spirit and the purpose of it. Ask your local Masjid about how much and where to pray)


Method of Eid prayers:

     Eid prayer consists of two units of prayer (Rakas) with six Takbeers (the raising of the hands while saying Allahu Akbar [God is the Greatest]) in congregation, followed by the Khutba (sermon) of Eid.

      Follow the Imam by raising both hands up to the ears, say Allahu Akbar, this is the first Takbeer to enter in the Salaat.

     Then fold your hands in the front and recite the ‘Sanaa', ("subhaanakallahumma"). Till the end and then say Allahu Akbar six times, following your imam, each time raising both hands up to the ears and fold it again. After each takbeer there is going to be a slight pause in which Subhanallah may be recited thrice.

     After the sixth Takbeer and listen to the imam reciting Aoozubillah, Bismillah, Surah Fateha and some other Surah and then perform Ruku (bowing) as Imam says Allahu Akbar and then go to Sajdah (prostration) as usual following your Imam's Takbeer.

      In the second Raka, the Imam will first say Allahu Akbar six times then recite Surah Fateha and some other Surah, and then will go into the Ruku, Sajood etc.

      Listening to the Khutbah after the Eid Salaat is Waajib (obligatory).


Duaa on Eid-ul-Fitr:

      O Allah! Accept our broken, weak efforts in this Auspicious month of Ramadaan. O Allah! Accept our fasting, ruku, sujood, zikr, Quraan tilaawah, taraweeh and all our ibaadahs in this month of Ramadaan. It is only through Your Mercy that we were able to pass through this month and yet we have not fulfilled it's right. We have erred and have not taken the maximum benefit from the auspiciousness of this month. O Most Merciful of those who show Mercy! We beg You to accept us in our weaknesses and shower us the opportunity to start afresh with renewed Emaan, Ikhlaas and taqwa. We leave this month with sadness, but only to beg of You to afford us the opportunity to see the next Ramadaan with more zeal to become conscious of You, to be become more obedient to You and to attain Your eternal Pleasure. Ameen.

Duaa on Eid-ul-Adha:

      O Allah! Accept our broken, weak efforts in the Sacrifice. O Allah! Accept our ruku, sujood, zikr, Quraan tilaawah and all our ibaadahs in our life. O Allah accept our Hajj, who have performed this time and give the opportunity to others in the future soon, who still are not able to do so. O Most Merciful of those who show Mercy! We beg You to accept us in our weaknesses and shower us the opportunity to start afresh with renewed Emaan, Ikhlaas and taqwa. O Allah! Unite all Muslims. Ameen.

Slaughtering Animals at Hajj & NOT on Eid-ul-Adha:

Sacrificing/Udhiyah/Qurbani is linked with performance of HAJJ only and the place of Sacrificing/ Udhiyah/ Qurbani is ONLY near Kabaa in Makkah. Allah commanded to do Sacrificing/Udhiyah/Qurbani by those performing Hajj for eating and distributing the meat to the poor and the needy. Further Allah has commanded that those who cannot afford to make Sacrificing/Udhiyah/Qurbani, they should keep fast for 3 days during HAJJ and further fast for 7 days after they reach their homes thus totaling 10 days. Please see details in the Al_Quraan_002:196 / 022:026-037. This indicates how Allah has made the Hajj rituals easy to follow. Thanks to Saudi Government for arranging of packing meat and sending it to poor and needy.

Say, Surely my prayer and my sacrifice and my life and my death are (all) for Allah, the Lord of the worlds, (Al_Quraan_006:162).

Muslims do Sacrifice/Udhiyah/Qurabni/Sadaqah at different occasions and often confuse and are mixed up. Each and every case is totally different and need to understand correctly in the light of the Quraan and Authentic Hadeeth.

… Qurbani of calf (being infant) is prohibited and the cow for Qurbani should neither be too old nor suffer from any disability/defect but should be young, (Al_Quraan_002:067-071). Hence please desist from slaughtering the infant calf. Avoid misguidance.

… Only piety (TAQWA) of the Qurbani giver reaches Allah not the meat, (Al_Quraan_005:027 / 022:037). This clearly means the Qurbani giver should be pious with Halaal income.

Remember: Excess of everything is bad. Sadaqah means not only give meat but whatever need arises from the needy (Money, Medicine, Foods & Supplies etc.). If their need is to support their children to get education, then giving meat will not solve it. No one’s stomach gets fill from one piece of meat, BUT with the same price one may fill one’s stomach. Always Remember: Saving a Life is like Saving the Whole World. (Ref. Al_Quraan_005.032). We need to correct our Priorities.

Saving Lives OR Mass Murdering Animals in the months of Dhul Hijjah:

Muslims do Sacrifice/Udhiyah/Qurabni/Sadaqah at different occasions and often confuse and are mixed up. Each and every case is totally different and need to understand correctly in the light of the Quraan and Authentic Hadeeth. Sacrificing/Udhiyah/Qurbani is linked with performance of HAJJ only and the place of Sacrificing/ Udhiyah/ Qurbani is ONLY near Kabaa in Makkah. Muslims MUST not Mass Murdered Animals in the months of Dhul Hijjah in other parts of the world. Perhaps in same price of single piece of meat, you may feed one person at one time and this way you may save much more lives than feeding just one piece from which no one can fill their stomach. Stop Genocide of Animals in the name of Islaam. Sadaqah is a different issue.

When Abraha attacked Kabaa people left Kabaa to save their lives, (Ref: Al_Quraan_105:001-005). When Prophet Muhammad (Peace-Be-Upon-Him) life was in danger, He migrated to Madinah and left Makkah which has Kabaa in it for ever and ever, without thinking to go back. When humanity is in danger, Rulers (Kings, Queens, Presidents, Prime Ministers, Chief of Defense Personals and their sub-ordinates etc.) don’t deserve to have luxuries, don’t deserve to have extra benefits and don’t deserve to go for Picnic / Honeymoon etc., and wasting billions of dollars instead of spending in saving lives without any discrimination. Saving a Life is like Saving the Whole World, (Ref. Al_Quraan_005.032). My Salute to all those Non-Muslims Countries who have opened their doors for Muslims on Humanitarian ground without any discrimination, while many other Muslim Countries have closed their doors for their fellow Muslims. Many Muslims are killing their fellow Muslims in the name of Islaam. Many Muslims are cheating their fellow Muslims in the name of Islaam. Your Hajj, Qurbani/Sacrifice, Salaat, Namaaz, and other Worshiping will be lost if you are cheating/killing/robbing etc., in the name of Islaam and fundamental teaching of the Quraan is to save humanity without any discrimination, (Ref. Al_Quraan_107:001-007, 102:001-008). Hajj is Fard once in Lifetime.

Say, Surely my prayer and my sacrifice and my life and my death are (all) for Allah, the Lord of the worlds, (Al_Quraan_006:162).

Sadaqah of Animals on different occasions at Home from Halaal Income:

It is strongly recommended to do Sadaqah of Animals for those who can afford it, at very special occasions like one (or kids) gets admission in Professional Institutions or completes his/her Professional courses, or one is going through complex medical treatments like Major surgery/Chemotherapy/Stem Cells etc.

For all other matters give due (Zakaat/Sadaqah) to poor/needy, (Ref: Al_Quraan_002.262, 002.263, 002:271, 002.273, 009:060, 012.088, 030.039, 057:018).

As for the Sunnah Ibrahimi event, this took place some 6000 years before the Quraan was bestowed by Allah on our Prophet on completion of our Deen, Islaam, (Ref: Al_Quraan_005:003). The details are mentioned separately in another Surah Al-Sifah (Al_Quraan_037:102-108), when Prophet Ibrahim (Peace-Be-Upon-Him) tried to slaughter his son, Prophet Ismail (Peace-Be-Upon-Him), at the command of God, then Allah pleased with the devotion and submission of Prophet Ibrahim (Peace-Be-Upon-Him) put a lamb/goat instead for slaughter. Hence this Sunnah Ibrahimi can be given any time subject to requirements (Ref: Al_Quraan_022:034) but cannot be linked as a Fariz with Eid ul Adha Salaat/Namaz prayed only by those not performing Hajj.

That they may witness the benefits (provided) for them, and celebrate the name of Allah, through the Days appointed, over the cattle which He has provided for them (for sacrifice): then eat ye thereof and feed the distressed ones in want, (Al_Quraan_022:028).


Eid, Ramadaan & Global Lailatul Qadr Confusions:

Celebration of Eid and starting of Ramadaan has become a BIG Joke in the Global Muslim World, who are widely divided and celebrating their Eid, or starting their Fasting on 2 to 3 different days. Don't forget that there is only one Sun, one Earth and its one Moon. Thanks to Allah, Fridays are not decided by moon sightings otherwise it could be real mess.

This is a Critical Issue. We need to remember that on the Day of Eid, Fasting is prohibited (Haraam). So we need to understand it with True and Sincere Love for Allah and with a broad mind.

Also keep in mind that the very First Global Lailatul Qadr was according to one Global Islaamic Calendar from Maghrib till Fajir in Makkah for the whole world, who are sharing same night with Makkah and the Day of Arafah 9th Dhil Hajj who are sharing same day with Makkah, at the time of Hajj is to unite the Muslim Ummah on one Global Islaamic Day, for only one thing: the Love for Allah alone on one Global Day of Arafa, i.e. 9th Dhill-Hajj Globally by sharing same day like sharing Friday globally.

Those who are Sharing Same Night with Kabah, Makkah must celebrate their Eid and Ramadaan same together, (Ref: Al_Quraan_097.005). Global Moon sighting must be observed around Makkah. At the time of Magrib (Sunset) in Makkah then people in the far east, who have not yet started their Fajir time, are sharing the same night. Also before time of Fajir at Makkah people on the far west, who have started their Maghrib (Sunset) time, are sharing the same night. Remember: Kabah in Makkah is Center of the Earth.

We may never Unite Muslim Ummaah, if we celebrate Eid/Ramadaan etc. on different days and also have different Worshipping Methods in this modern age with advanced technology. We must acknowledge all Muslims around the Globe.

We have seen, I am Right, you are right, we all are right. BUT it didn't work and Ummaah is being butchered for centuries. The Great Mistake of a human is that “I am Right” (100% correct). If he is right, it is very good, BUT if he is wrong then it is WORST and he will never ever correct himself and might go to hell forever.

One must keep in his mind is that he could be wrong at some point and so he always needs to keep getting good knowledge by Listening to all BUT following the truth.

Allah already mentioned the solution of moon sighting in the Quraan very CLEARLY that it MUST be according to Makkah Islaamic Calendar globally depending upon Very First Visible Birth of the Moon near the House of Allah (Kabah for the whole world, NOT according to any specific region/area/house/ or backyard, and we must take guidance from the Quraan to perform Hajj for all Muslims around the Globe and not very specific to one region, do fasting in the month of Ramadaan and celebrate Eid, GLOBALLY and follow one Makkah Islaamic Calendar globally in the light of Quraan (book of guidance) (Ref: Al_Quraan_002.189, 003.096, 006.096, 010.005).

They ask you (Muhammad {Peace be Upon Him}) about the (visible) phases of the moon! Say, They provide a timing device for the Global People, and Determine the Time of HAJJ (in Makkah for the whole world Globally), and it is not righteousness that you should enter the houses by back doors, but righteousness is this that one should guard (against evil); and go into the houses by their (main) doors and be careful (of your duty) to Allah, that you may be successful, (Al_Quraan, { Surah Al-baqara} 002.189).

In the above verses Allah is clearly mentioning that the Phase of the Moon is to Determine the Time of HAJJ and Do Not create your personal calendar, rather build one unified Global Islaamic Calendar which must follow Makkah Islaamic Calendar.


Remember: Before the advancement of modern technological when communication was very slow even in Saudi Arabia different cities could have been celebrating Eid and Ramadan at different days like in Pakistan Muslims observing Eid and Ramadan on three different days still at the beginning of 21st Century. Universe is expending as per the Quraan (Ref: Al_Quraan.051:047) and thanks to Allah by the advancement of modern communication we can use modern tools like telescope for more accuracy and we already have very accurate data for moon sightings in Makkah, we can inform rest of the world in advance and celebrate Eid, Ramadaan etc., Globally according to Makkah Islaamic Calendar, regardless of whether in the far east in India, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Japan, China, Malaysia, Indonesia or Australia or New Zealand etc., people have not seen the crescent moon or in the far west in North America (USA, Canada or Mexico etc.) and South America (Brazil, Argentina, Peru, Chile etc.), WE MUST FOLLOW MAKKAH AND OBSERVE MAKKAH ISLAAMIC CALEDER for Global Muslims Unity. Yes we must use modern technology to observe Moon Sighting in around Kabaah in Makkah the first Qibla and the first House of Allah, since any modern technology which benefits humanity is Halaal, and we must announce it using modern technology as well.

Also keep in mind it will be hard to see the crescent moon in cities due to lights and pollutions etc. We should listen and observe to those in far remote areas near Kabah, Makkah, where there is less pollution, or even better, take advantage of modern astronomy. Not only Global Warming BUT Global Dimming and other unknown factors may be causing difficulty in sighting the Crescent Moon. Global Dimming was discovered just after 11-SEP-2001, when all the US flights were grounded for three days: http://www.informationclearinghouse.info/article15809.htm

With the availability of Modern Technology, we must calculate crescent moon sightings and also physically verify moon sighting with the naked eye around Kabah in Makkah, and inform Global Muslim World and no one should look for the Moon Sighting in their backyard individually in the far north or south or east or west, instead Follow Makkah. It is not for your region in the far north or south or east or west, instead it is to perform HAJJ globally according to Makkah Islaamic Calendar. Every Month must start with the NEW Crescent MOON (Very First Visible Birth of the Moon) in around Kabah in Makah and announced it Globally. Invisibility of moon before New Crescent is like it is in mother’s womb and is not yet born.

Years, Months and Days are GLOBAL while Salaat Time is Local. Also the day JUMA is GLOABL while its prayers time is Local, and is similar to New Year on 1st January, but its breakfast, lunch and dinner etc. times are local.

Allah told to face Makkah means follow Makkah and get guidance from Makkah for Hajj, Umrah, Salaat, Ramadaan and Eid etc., and do not divide Religion Islaam, since those who Divide their Religion and break up into Sects, thou hast NO part in them in the least: their affair is with Allah, (Ref: Al_Quraan_002.125-129, 002.130-138, 002.142-144, 002.149-150, 002.189, 003.095-097, 003.103, 003.106, 006.096, 006.159, 010.005).

As an example to understand, if suppose Prophet Muhammad (sav) is alive today, and he has to start Ramadaan or celebrate Eid today, then which day will you do start fasting or celebrate Eid?

If in Kabah, Makkah (First House of Allah) and in Masjid-e-Nabvi in Madinah Munawwarah people start Ramadaan or celebrate Eid today, then which day will you do start fasting or celebrate Eid?

We must unite on ONE method of worship of Prophet Ibraheem (Peace-Be-Upon-Him), and we must take guidance from the Quraan (True Book of Guidance), Kabah in Makkah and must not divide ourselves on all religious issues including Salaat, Zakaat, Hajj, Umrah, etc., (Ref: Al_Quraan_002.001-005, 003.095-097).

If you are not following Makkah to Establish Salaat, Celebrate Ramadaan, Eid, Hajj etc., then you are dividing Religion Islaam and your matter is with Allah, (Ref: Al_ Quraan_002.125-129, 002.130-138, 002.142-144, 002.149-150, 002.189, 003.095-097, 003.103, 003.106, 006.096, 006.159, 010.005).

IF QURAAN CANNOT CONVIENCE YOU NOTHING WILL

Eid-ul-Fitr, Eid-al-Adha & Ramadaan area BIG Jokes for the Ummah:

Allah is one, Rasool Allah is one, Quraan is one - Also - Sun is one, Moon is one and Earth is one, but they are celebrating in different days.

Is this an Eid or a BIG Joke for the Ummah?

When US says there will be Lunar Eclipse or Solar Eclipse on such and such days, even after 10 or 20 years and that really happens as well and we accept them, BUT why not for Moon Sightings???

Let us see what US Latest Research says about Moon and Moon Sightings:

http://www.usno.navy.mil/USNO/astronomical-applications

The record for an early sighting of a lunar crescent, with a telescope, is 12.1 hours after New Moon; for naked-eye sightings, the record is 15.5 hours from New Moon.

BUT according to http://www.moonsighting.com, the visible crescent sighting for naked - eye may be possible 18 hours after the birth of new moon. (Details are at the end).

In Karachi, Pakistan, it is always difficult to see moon, while in the remote area of NWFP, Pakistan, specially high on the mountain, it is easy to see the moon sighting. The reason showed by Chairman SUPARCO at a Science Conference in Islamabad, Pakistan. The photograph taken by Satellite at the same time for Karachi and remote area of NWFP, was very helpful to understand. In the photograph of Karachi City the big buildings were not clear due to industrial and traffic and other environmental pollution, while the photograph of remote area of NWFP was very clear and we were able to see, even a baby goat on that photograph. Naturally in this situations we mostly have confirmed moon sightings from the remote areas.

NASA Web sight for Moon Phases from -1999 to +3000 (2000 BCE to 4000 CE)

http://aa.usno.navy.mil/data/docs/MoonPhase.php

NASA Moon Home Page

http://nssdc.gsfc.nasa.gov/planetary/planets/moonpage.html

Moonsighting Web sight

http://www.moonsighting.com

This is a Critical Issue. We need to remember on the Day of Eid, Fasting is prohibited (Haraam). So we need to understand it with the Love for Allah and with broad mind.

Also the Day of Arafa, 9th of Dhil Hajj at the time of Hajj is to unite the Muslim Ummaah, for only one thing for the Love for Allah alone.

They ask you concerning the new moon (phases of the moon!, for the whole world Globally). Say: They are times appointed for (the benefit of) men, and (for) the pilgrimage; and it is not righteousness that you should enter the houses at their backs, but righteousness is this that one should guard (against evil); and go into the houses by their doors and be careful (of your duty) to Allah, that you may be successful. (Al_Quraan_002.189)

For Hajj are the months well known. If any one undertakes that duty therein, Let there be no obscenity, nor wickedness, nor wrangling in the Hajj. And whatever good ye do, (be sure) Allah knoweth it. And take a provision (With you) for the journey, but the best of provisions is right conduct. So fear Me, o ye that are wise. (Al_Quraan_002.197)

And an announcement (Globally) from Allah and His Messenger to the people (Globally) on the day of the greater pilgrimage (Day of Arafa, 9th Dhil Hajj, Globally) that Allah and His Messenger are free from liability to the idolaters; therefore if you repent, it will be better for you, and if you turn back, then know that you will not weaken Allah; and announce painful punishment to those who disbelieve. (Al_Quraan_009.003)


Read Al-Quraan, the Miracle of Miracles and free from contradictions and errors
http://global-right-path.webs.com     http://global-right-path.blogspot.com     http://www.global-right-path.com
Email to global-right-path+subscribe@googlegroups.com to subscribe