بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم

In the Name of Allah, Most Gracious, Most Merciful

First Step Towards Perfect Islaam - Part-3

Alphabetical Extracts of Dos and Don'ts from the Quraan

by Irshad Mahmood - Director, Siraat-al-Mustaqeem Dawah Centre


Gambling: Muslims Never Play Gambling:

O you who believe! Intoxicants (Alcohol) and gambling, (dedication of) stones, and (divination by) arrows, are an abomination,- of Satan's handwork: eschew such (abomination), that you may prosper. (Al_Quraan_005.090)


Gap or Dividing into Sects: Muslim never Divides into Sects:

As for those who divide their religion and break up into sects, you have no part in them in the least: their affair is with Allah: He will in the end tell them the truth of all that they did. (Al_Quraan_006.159)

(All) people are a single nation; so Allah raised prophets as bearers of good news and as warners, and He revealed with them the Book with truth, that it might judge between people in that in which they differed; and none but the people of the book who were given it differed about it after clear arguments had come to them, revolting among themselves; so Allah has guided by His will those who believe to the truth about which they differed and Allah guides whom He pleases to the right path. (Al_Quraan_002.213)

If you DIFFER (Faith, Salaat, Sayaam, Zakaat, etc.) in anything amongst yourself, then REFER to Allah and his Messenger, if you really believe in Allah and in the Last Day. That is better and more suitable for determinations. [Al_Quraan_004.059]


Garments: Dress / Clothing:

O children of Adam! We have indeed sent down to you clothing to cover your shame, and (clothing) for beauty and clothing that guards (against evil), that is the best. This is of the communications of Allah that they may be mindful. (Al_Quraan_007.026)

Say: Who has prohibited the embellishment of Allah which He has brought forth for His servants and the good provisions? Say: These are for the believers in the life of this world, purely (theirs) on the resurrection day; thus do We make the communications clear for a people who know. (Al_Quraan_007.032)


Global Family:

The World is shrinking and becoming a Global Family. I found this as a KEY point in cooling down the mind of others, so always remember and keep reminding, that we are the children of Adam and Eve and we are Cousin Brothers and Cousin Sisters and we are a Global Family.

 

And surely We have honored the children of Adam, and We carry them in the land and the sea, and We have given them of the good things, and We have made them to excel by an appropriate excellence over most of those whom We have created. (Al_Quraan_017.070)

(All) people are a single nation; so Allah raised prophets as bearers of good news and as warners, and He revealed with them the Book with truth, that it might judge between people in that in which they differed; and none but the people of the book who were given it differed about it after clear arguments had come to them, revolting among themselves; so Allah has guided by His will those who believe to the truth about which they differed and Allah guides whom He pleases to the right path. (Al_Quraan_002.213)


Gods: Do Not Abuse Their Gods:

And do not abuse those whom they call upon besides Allah, lest exceeding the limits they should abuse Allah out of ignorance. Thus have We made fair seeming to every people their deeds; then to their Lord shall be their return, so He will inform them of what they did. (Al_Quraan_006.108)


Gold and Silver: Muslim (Men and Women) Never Stacks Gold and Silver:

On the day when it will (all) be heated in the fire of hell, and their foreheads and their flanks and their backs will be branded therewith (and it will be said unto them): Here is that which you buried for yourselves. Now taste of what you used to hoard. (Al_Quraan_009.035)


Good Deed:

You will get reward of what you yourself used to do. (Al_Quraan_036.054, 045.028)

It is not righteousness that you turn your faces towards the East and the West, BUT righteousness is this that one should believe in Allah and the last day and the angels and the Book and the prophets, and give away wealth out of love for Him to the near of kin and the orphans and the needy and the wayfarer and the beggars and for (the emancipation of) the captives, and keep up prayer and pay the poor-rate; and the performers of their promise when they make a promise, and the patient in distress and affliction and in time of conflicts-- these are they who are true (to themselves) and these are they who guard (against evil). (Al_Quraan_002.177)

And give to the near of kin his due and (to) the needy and the wayfarer, and do not squander (Spend / Misuse) wastefully. Surely the squanderers are the fellows of the Shaitans and the Shaitan is ever ungrateful to his Lord. (Al_Quraan_017.026-027)


Grave Worshiping (Calling other than Allah): Muslim Never Does Shirk:

And your Lord says: "Call on Me; I will answer your (Prayers). (Al_Quraan_040.060)

(Ask directly from Allah for all help. No need to do shirk. Only Ya Allah Help)

For verily you (Muhammad {SAW}) cannot make the dead to hear, nor can you make the deaf to hear your call when they have turned to flee. [Al_Quraan_030.052]

(Rasool Allah cannot make the dead or deaf to hear.)

If you pray unto them they hear you not your prayer, and if they heard they could not grant it you. On the Day of Resurrection they will disown association with you. None can inform you like Him Who is Aware. [Al_Quraan_035.014]

(Even you cannot make the them to hear.)


Greedy:

And do not covet that by which Allah has made some of you excel others; men shall have the benefit of what they earn and women shall have the benefit of what they earn; and ask Allah of His grace; surely Allah knows all things. (Al_Quraan_004.032)

On the day when it shall be heated in the fire of hell, then their foreheads and their sides and their backs shall be branded with it; this is what you hoarded up for yourselves, therefore taste what you hoarded. (Al_Quraan_009.035)

O you who believe! most surely many of the doctors of law and the monks (religious leaders and preachers) eat away the property of men falsely, and turn (them) from Allah's way; and (as for) those who hoard up (store) gold and silver and do not spend it in Allah's way, announce to them a painful chastisement, On the day when it shall be heated in the fire of hell, then their foreheads and their sides and their backs shall be branded with it; this is what you hoarded up for yourselves, therefore taste what you hoarded. (Al_Quraan_009.034-035)

Wealth and children are an adornment (test / trial) of the life of this world; and the ever-abiding, the good works, are better with your Lord in reward and better in expectation. (Al_Quraan_018.046)

And give to the near of kin his due and (to) the needy and the wayfarer, and do not squander (Spend / Misuse) wastefully. Surely the squanderers are the fellows of the Shaitans and the Shaitan is ever ungrateful to his Lord. (Al_Quraan_017.026-027)


Guidance: Quraan is Book of Guidance:

This is the Scripture whereof there is no doubt, a guidance unto those who ward off (evil). [Al_Quraan_002.002]

(To get Guidance you must have to read it with understanding)

Who can get Guidance from it:

Who believe in the unseen, and establish worship, and spend of that We have bestowed upon them; [Al_Quraan_002.003]

And who believe in that which is revealed unto you (Muhammad) and that which was revealed before you, and are certain of the Hereafter. [Al_Quraan_002.004]

These depend on guidance from their Lord. These are the successful. [Al_Quraan_002.005]

And it is naught but a reminder to the nations. It is in fact a message to the (whole) world. (Al_Quraan_068.052)

In what Hadith (Quraan), then, after it, will they believe? (Al_Quraan_077.050)


Hajj: Hajj is not Transferable:

For Hajj are the months well known. If any one undertakes that duty therein, Let there be no obscenity, nor wickedness, nor wrangling in the Hajj. And whatever good you do, (be sure) God knoweth it. And take a provision (With you) for the journey, but the best of provisions is right conduct. So fear Me, o you that are wise. It is no crime in you if you seek of the bounty of your Lord (during pilgrimage). Then when you pour down from (Mount) Arafat, celebrate the praises of God at the Sacred Monument, and celebrate His praises as He has directed you, even though, before this, you went astray. (Al_Quraan_002.197-198)

You will get reward of what you yourself used to do. (Al_Quraan_036.054, 045.028)

Every Hajj is Hajj-e-Akbar and every Umrah is Hajj-e-Asghar (Ref: Al_Quraan_009:003)


Halaal and Haraam: Muslim Never makes Halaal as Haraam and vise versa:

O you believe! Forbid not the good things, which Allah has made lawful for you, and transgress not. Lo! Allah loveth not transgressors. (Al_Quraan_005.087)

Say: Who has forbidden the adornment of Allah, which He has brought forth for His bondmen, and good things of His providing?… (Al_Quraan_007.032)

O you prophet, why do you prohibit what GOD has made lawful for you, just to please your wives? GOD is Forgiver, Merciful. Allah has already ordained for you, (O men), the dissolution of your oaths (in some cases): and Allah is your Protector, and He is Full of Knowledge and Wisdom. (Al_Quraan_066.001 – 002)

(Allah Warned Rasool Allah (Peace Be Upon Him) not to change Halaal to Haraam etc and break the oath)


Halaal Meat


Surah-006   Al-Inaam

فَكُلُواْ مِمَّا ذُكِرَ اسْمُ اللّهِ عَلَيْهِ إِن كُنتُمْ بِآيَاتِهِ مُؤْمِنِينَ

118. Eat of that over which the name of Allah has been mentioned, if you are believers in His revelations.

وَلاَ تَأْكُلُواْ مِمَّا لَمْ يُذْكَرِ اسْمُ اللّهِ عَلَيْهِ وَإِنَّهُ لَفِسْقٌ وَإِنَّ الشَّيَاطِينَ لَيُوحُونَ إِلَى أَوْلِيَآئِهِمْ لِيُجَادِلُوكُمْ وَإِنْ أَطَعْتُمُوهُمْ إِنَّكُمْ لَمُشْرِكُونَ

121. And do NOT eat of that on which Allah's name has NOT been mentioned, and that is most surely a transgression; and most surely the Shaitaans suggest to their friends that they should contend with you; and if you obey them, you shall most surely be polytheists.

He has only forbidden you dead meat (including naturally dead Fish, not the one which you caught live and then they die), and blood, and the flesh of swine, and that on which any other name has been invoked besides that of Allah. But if one is forced by necessity, without willful disobedience, nor transgressing due limits, - then is he guiltless. For Allah is Oft-forgiving Most Merciful. (Al_Quraan_002.173)

Science behind Halaal Meat:

To understand the Science behind the Halaal Meat, We need to understand the Medical Test. Doctor generally asks first thing to go for Blood Test. Because  Blood caries Germs also, it mostly shows the first symptoms of Diseases. There are many dangerous diseases spread by Blood. In all other processes of Slaughter the blood does not comes out of the animal, so it could be very dangerous to eat those un-hygienic meat. BUT with the process of Halaal, Blood comes out of the Animal Naturally. So it is not true that if the Slaughter is not according to Islaam, then just say Bismillah and eat it. Even in Surah-006   Al-Inaam, Ayaat 121, Allah very clearly warned NOT to eat on which Allah's name has not been proclaimed. So always be careful about Halaal and Haraam. Life is a gift from Allah to protect it and be healthy.

Drink Halaal, Eat Halaal, Talk Halaal, Listen Halaal, Wear Halaal. In Brief Adopt Halaal in your whole life.

Avoid following Ingredients:

Alcohol, Animal Fat, Bacon (Pork), Beef, Fat (Animal Fat including Pork), Gelatin {Pork, Beef (bone and or skin)}, Ham (Pork), Lard (Pork), lecithin (made from Pork) while Soya lecithin is Halaal, Rennet (Alcohol), Sausage, Shortening (animal)


Harass / Persecute:

Surely (as for) those who persecute (harass) the believing men and the believing women, then do not repent, they shall have the chastisement of hell, and they shall have the chastisement of burning. (Al_Quraan_085.010)


Hear: Those Who Listen BUT Do Not Obey are the Worst Animal, since they do not understand:

You Hear it that is it, Now it is Between You and Allah:

O you who believe! obey Allah and His Messenger and do not turn back from Him while you hear. And be not like those who said, We hear, and they did not obey. Surely the worst of animals, in Allah's sight, are the deaf, the dumb, who do not understand. (Al_Quraan_008.020-022)


Heart does analysis, processing and decision (and not the Brain, Brain might be like Memory and Hard Disk in a Computer):

… Truly it is not their eyes that are blind, but their hearts, which are in their breast. (Al_Quraan_022.046)

O men! there has come to you indeed an admonition from your Lord and a healing for what is in the breasts and a guidance and a mercy for the believers. (Al_Quraan_010.057)


Help Allah to get Help from Allah:

And Musa said: If you disbelieve, along with all the people on earth, most surely Allah is Self-sufficient (in no need), Praised; (Al_Quraan_014.008)

O you who believe! be careful of (your duty to) Allah and be with the true ones (truthful). (Al_Quraan_009.119)

O you who believe! If you will Help Allah, He will Help you, and plant your feet firmly. (Al_Quraan_047.007)

So give what is due to relatives, the needy, and the traveler. (Al_Quraan_030.038)

It is NOT righteousness that you turn your faces to the East and the West; BUT righteous is he who believeth in Allah and the Last Day and the Angels and the Scripture and the Prophets; and gives his wealth, for love of Him(Allah), to Kinsfolk and to Orphans and the Needy and the Wayfarer and to those who ask, and to set slaves free; and observes proper worship and pays the poor due. And those who keep their treaty when they make one, and the patient in tribulation and adversity and time of stress. Such are they who are SINCERE. Such are the God fearing. (Al_Quraan_002.177)

O you who believe! spend (benevolently) of the good things that you earn and or what We have brought forth for you out of the earth, and do not aim at what is bad that you may spend (in alms) of it, while you would not take it yourselves unless you have its price lowered, and know that Allah is Self-sufficient, Praiseworthy. (Al_Quraan_002.267)

If you lend unto Allah a goodly loan, He will multiply it for you and forgive you; and Allah is the Multiplier (of rewards), Forbearing, (Al_Quraan_064.017)

(Charity is) for the poor who are confined in the way of Allah-- they cannot go about in the land; the ignorant man thinks them to be rich on account of (their) abstaining (from begging); you can recognise them by their mark; they do not beg from men importunately; and whatever good thing you spend, surely Allah knows it. (Al_Quraan_002.273)

O you who believe! do not violate the signs appointed by Allah nor the sacred month, nor (interfere with) the offerings, nor the sacrificial animals with garlands, nor those going to the sacred house seeking the grace and pleasure of their Lord; and when you are free from the obligations of the pilgrimage, then hunt, and let not hatred of a people-- because they hindered you from the Sacred Masjid-- incite you to exceed the limits, and help one another in goodness and piety, and do not help one another in sin and aggression; and be careful of (your duty to) Allah; surely Allah is severe in requiting (evil). (Al_Quraan_005.002)

Charities are only for the poor and the needy, and the officials (appointed) over them, and those whose hearts are made to incline (to truth) and the (ransoming of) captives and those in debts and in the way of Allah and the wayfarer; an ordinance from Allah; and Allah is knowing, Wise. (Al_Quraan_009.060)


Hiding the Word of Allah (God):

Lo! Those who hide the proofs and the guidance which We revealed, after We had made it clear to mankind in the Scripture: such are accursed of Allah and accursed of those who have the power to curse. (Al_Quraan_002.159)

Surely those who conceal any part of the Book that Allah has revealed and take for it a small price, they eat nothing but fire into their bellies, and Allah will not speak to them on the day of resurrection, nor will He purify them, and they shall have a painful chastisement. (Al_Quraan_002.174)

And remember when Allah made a covenant with those who were given the Book: You shall certainly make it known to mankind and you shall not hide it; but they cast it behind their backs and took a small price for it; so evil is that which they buy. (Al_Quraan_003.187)


Hijaab: Muslim Women can never be without Hijaab:

O Prophet! Tell your wives and daughters, and the believing women, that they should cast their outer garments over their persons (when abroad): that is most convenient, so that they may be recognized and not annoyed. Allah is ever Forgiving, Merciful. (Al_Quraan_033.059)

Tell the believing men to lower their gaze and be modest. That will make for greater purity for them. Allah is aware of what they do. (Al_Quraan_024.030)

And tell the believing women to lower their gaze and be modest, and to display of their adornment only that which is apparent, and to draw their veils over their bosoms, and not to reveal their adornment save to their own husbands or fathers or husbands' fathers, or their sons or their husbands' sons, or their brothers or their brothers' sons or sisters' sons, or their women, or their slaves, or male attendants who lack vigor, or children who know naught of women's nakedness. And let them not stamp their feet so as to reveal what they hide of their adornment. And turn unto Allah together, O believers, in order that you may succeed. (Al_Quraan_024.031)

O you who believe! let those whom your right hands possess, and the (children) among you who have not come of age ask your permission (before they come to your presence), on three occasions: before morning prayer; the while you doff your clothes for the noonday heat; and after the late-night prayer: these are your three times of undress: outside those times it is not wrong for you or for them to move about attending to each

other: Thus does Allah make clear the Signs to you: for Allah is full of knowledge and wisdom. (Al_Quraan_024.058)


Holiday in Islaam: Work, Work and Work:

O you who believe! When the call is proclaimed to prayer on Friday (the Day of Assembly), haste unto remembrance of Allah and leave your trading (business). That is better for you if you did but know. And when the prayer is ended, then disperse in the land and seek of Allah's bounty, and remember Allah much, that you may be successful. (Al_Quraan_062.009-010)

(There is No such thing like Weekly Holiday in Islaam. So Work, Work and Work)


Holy War / Jihaad / Defense: Muslim Never Stops doing Jihaad:

There is NO Compulsion in Religion..... (Al_Quraan_002:256)

And if they incline to peace, then incline to it and trust in Allah; surely He is the Hearing, the Knowing. (Al_Quraan_008.061)

If you go not forth, He will punish you with a grievous penalty, and put others in your place. (Al_Quraan_009.039)

Against them make ready your strength to the utmost of your power, including steeds of war, to strike terror into (the hearts of) the enemies, of Allah and your enemies, and others besides, whom you may not know, but whom Allah doth know. Whatever you shall spend in the cause of Allah shall be repaid unto you, and you shall not be treated unjustly. (Al_Quraan_008.060)

Allah forbids you not, with regard to those who fight you not for (your) Faith nor drive you out of your homes, from dealing kindly and justly with them: for Allah loveth those who are just. (Al_Quraan_060.008)

When there comes the help of Allah and the victory, And you see men entering the religion of Allah in companies, Then celebrate the praise of your Lord, and ask His forgiveness; surely He is oft-returning (to mercy). (Al_Quraan_110.001-003)

When angels take the souls of those who die in sin against their souls, they say: "In what (plight) were you?" They reply: "Weak and oppressed were we in the earth." They say: "Was not the earth of Allah spacious enough for you to move yourselves away (From evil)?" Such men will find their abode in Hell, - What an evil refuge! - (Al_Quraan_004.097)

And those who emigrated (leave their homes) for Allah's sake after they are oppressed, We will most certainly give them a good abode in the world, and the reward of the hereafter is certainly much greater, did they but know; Those who are patient and on their Lord do they trust. (Al_Quraan_016.041-042)

O my bondmen who believe! Lo! My earth is spacious. Therefore serve Me only. How many are the creatures that carry not their own sustenance? (Al_Quraan_029.056-060)

(If Kafir stops you from offering Prayers then migrate, Allah’s earth is spacious. Do not worry about sustenance  (rizk). Now let us see how Muhammad (Peace Be Upon Him) implemented this. As you know Muhammad (Peace Be Upon Him) migrated from Makkah al-Mukarramah ( مكة المكرمة) to Madina and never ever think to return. This is the Great secret of migration, so Allah has given such a great reward by turning Makkah al-Mukarramah ( مكة المكرمة) into the center place for all Muslims. In brief, no fighting for the land)

And not alike are the good and the evil. Repel (evil) with what is best, when lo! he between whom and you was enmity would be as if he were a warm friend. And none are made to receive it but those who are patient, and none are made to receive it but those who have a mighty good fortune. And if an interference of the Shaitan should cause you mischief, seek refuge in Allah; surely He is the Hearing, the Knowing. (Al_Quraan_041.034-036)

But why were there not among the generations before you those possessing understanding, who should have forbidden the making of mischief in the earth, except a few of those whom We delivered from among them? And those who were unjust went after what they are made to enjoy of plenty, and they were guilty. (Al_Quraan_011.116)


Homosexuality / Same Sex: A Major Sin, crossing the boundary limit, Punishment 100 Lashes / Stripes:

What! do you come to the males from among the creatures, and leave what your Lord has created for you of your wives? No, you are a people exceeding limits. (Al_Quraan_026.165-166)

And (We sent) Lut when he said to his people: What! do you commit an indecency which any one in the world has not done before you? Most surely you come to males in lust besides females; no you are an extravagant people. And the answer of his people was no other than that they said: Turn them out of your town, surely they are a people who seek to purify (themselves). So We delivered him and his followers, except his wife; she was of those who remained behind. And We rained upon them a rain; consider then what was the end of the guilty (exceeding limits). (Al_Quraan_007.080-084)

Punishment for illegal Sex:

The woman and the man guilty of adultery or fornication,- flog each of them with a hundred stripes: Let not compassion move you in their case, in a matter prescribed by Allah, if you believe in Allah and the Last Day: and let a party of the Believers witness their punishment. (AL_Quraan_024.002)

Punishment for False Blame on Sex:

And those who launch a charge against chaste women, and produce not four witnesses (to support their allegations),- flog them with eighty stripes; and reject their evidence ever after: for such men are wicked transgressors; Unless they repent thereafter and mend (their conduct); for Allah is Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful. (Al_Quraan_024.004-005)


Hypocrites: Munafiq:

And the Messenger cried out: O my Lord! surely my people have treated this Quraan as a forsaken thing. (Al_Quraan_025.030)

The Hypocrites - they think they are over-reaching Allah, but He will over-reach them: When they stand up to prayer, they stand without earnestness, to be seen of men, but little do they hold Allah in remembrance. The Hypocrites will be in the lowest depths of the Fire, and no helper will you find for them. (Al_Quraan_004.142-145)

And never (O Muhammad) pray for one of them who dieth, nor stand by his grave. Lo! they disbelieved in Allah and His messenger, and they died while they were evil-doers. (Al_Quraan_009.084)


Ignorant People: Do not stuck with them in Debate:

Take to forgiveness and enjoin good and avoid (debating) the ignorant. (Al_Quraan_007.199)


Inheritance.

Death is imminent and can come any time. It can come during childhood, or when grown up or after becoming old. One may be married or may be not, he or she has to die on one day and most probably leaving heirs behind. Since the stages change according to the time, a person’s responsibility also gets change. Men have their responsibilities and women have their. So it is necessary to find the right dividends for the right heirs. BUT it is extremely hard to determine these dividends without the help of Allah. Allah already mentioned in the Quraan dealing with all these issues categorically and in great detail.

… You know not which of them is the nearer to you in usefulness; this is an ordinance from Allah: Surely Allah is Knowing, Wise. (Al_Quraan_004.011)

Islaamic Sharia Law stipulates how the estate of a Muslim is to be dealt with and distributed after his or her death. The rules described here reflect the Commandments of Allah according to the Quraan; some differences or variations may be adopted under the Hanafi, Maliki, Shafi and Hanbali schools.

Knowledge of Mathematics:

To understand these calculations, you must know the middle school mathematics, which are not complex as of university level or even as of high school level mathematics. E.g. one of the bases of inheritance is male gets 2/3 and female gets 1/3. Although 2/3 + 1/3 = 1 looks PERFECT, BUT you cannot exactly divide 100 or 50 Dollars equally among the males and females. There are many cases in which you may need to deal with the prime numbers (e.g. 89), which are only divisible by 1 or by itself. Islaamic Inheritance Law are based on complete Quraan and are NOT limited to few verses only, and answers PERFECTLY to deal with all those cases. Presently with the help of science and specially the computers, it became more easier to search many things and find the answers more easily ever than before.

Hold the division of the Inheritance in case, the wife of the deceased could be pregnant.
 
And the divorced women should keep themselves in waiting for three courses; and it is not lawful for them that they should conceal what Allah has created in their wombs, if they believe in Allah and the last day; and their husbands have a better right to take them back in the meanwhile if they wish for reconciliation; and they have rights similar to those against them in a just manner, and the men are a degree above them, and Allah is Mighty, Wise. (Al_Quraan_002.228)
 
From the above Ayah, it very clear that the main perpose of the Iddat is to wait and see if she is pregnent or not. Waiting is variable according to cases. Also it is advised that people shoud hold the division of the Inheritance in case, the wife of the deceased could be pregnant. In this way we also will come to know if she delivers the boy/s or girl/s.

To understand the logic of Islaamic Inheritance Law, we need to keep in our mind the following Ayaat from the Quraan:

If one gets Booty, pay a fifth of shares to relatives and orphans etc.:

And know that out of all the booty that you may acquire (in war), a fifth share is assigned to Allah, and to the Messenger, and to near relatives, orphans, the needy, and the wayfarer, if you do believe in Allah and in the revelation We sent down to Our servant on the Day of Testing, the Day of the meeting of the two forces. For Allah has power over all things.  (Al_Quraan_008.041)

If one gets produced of gardens / farm pay the Due:

And He it is Who produces gardens, trellised and un-trellised, and palms and seed-produce of which the fruits are of various sorts, and olives and pomegranates, like and unlike; eat of its fruit when it bears fruit, and pay the due of it on the day of its reaping, and do not act extravagantly; surely He does not love the extravagant. (Al_Quraan_006.141)

If one earns pay the Due:

O you who believe! spend (benevolently) of the good things that you earn and or what We have brought forth for you out of the earth, and do not aim at what is bad that you may spend (in alms) of it, while you would not take it yourselves unless you have its price lowered, and know that Allah is Self-sufficient, Praiseworthy. (Al_Quraan_002.267)

How much to spend:

..... And they ask you as to what they should spend. Say: that which is superfluous (in excess). Thus does Allah make clear to you the communications that you may ponder. (Al_Quraan_002.219)

WILL: A Muslim must make a will in favor of his Specified as well as non-Specified Heirs, when death approaches. In case of accidental death or the remainder of the estate after WILL, should be divided among the heirs according to the Quraan:

... If any do fail to judge by (the light of) what Allah has revealed, they are Unbelievers. (Al_Quraan_005.044)

It is decreed that when death approaches, you shall write a will for the benefit of the parents (Specified Heir) and relatives (Specified as well as Non-Specified Heir), equitably. This is a duty upon the righteous. (Al_Quraan_002.180)

And those of you who die and leave wives behind, (make) a bequest in favor of their wives (Specified Heir) of maintenance for a year without turning (them) out, then if they themselves go away, there is no blame on you for what they do of lawful deeds by themselves, and Allah is Mighty, Wise. (Al_Quraan_002.240)

Close Relatives from where you can eat and vice versa: If you can eat from someone’s house, then they can do so:

There is no blame on the blind man, nor is there blame on the lame, nor is there blame on the sick, nor on yourselves that you eat from your houses, or your fathers' houses or your mothers' houses, or your brothers' houses, or your sisters' houses, or your paternal uncles' houses, or your paternal aunts' houses, or your maternal uncles' houses, or your maternal aunts' houses, or what you possess the keys of, or your friends' (houses). It is no sin in you that you eat together or separately. So when you enter houses, greet your people with a salutation from Allah, blessed (and) goodly; thus does Allah make clear to you the communications that you may understand. (Al_Quraan_024.061)

You must give due to your relatives as well:

And give to the relatives his due and (to) the needy and the wayfarer, and do not squander wastefully. (Al_Quraan_017.026)

Then give to the near of kin his due, and to the needy and the wayfarer; this is best for those who desire Allah's pleasure, and these it is who are successful. (Al_Quraan_030.038)

We must need to think of Orphans:

And let those fear who, should they leave behind them weakly offspring, would fear on their account, so let them be careful of (their duty to) Allah, and let them speak right words. (Al_Quraan_004.009)

It is advised to announce the day of distribution of the heirs among closed as well as far relatives. If any of them are not present without any valid reason or have no interest in getting some from the inheritance then we may proceed without them and there shares may be excluded. One of the great wisdom in the following Ayaat that it did not mentioned any exact figure of share for the other relatives or charity, could be that we might need to deal with the prime numbers or other number which are not divisible among the heir. So choice is totally left upon us so that we can balance it:

And when there are present (alive) at the division the (far) relatives and the orphans (among relatives as well) and the needy (among relatives as well), give them (something) out of it and speak to them kind words. (Al_Quraan_004.008)

Woe to Prayers who neglect the Charity:

So woe to the worshippers, who are totally heedless of their prayers. They only show off. But refuse (to supply) (even) neighborly needs. (Al_Quraan_107.004-007)

Below are the Ayaat which mentions about inheritance in more detail and are the limits imposed by Allah:

It is decreed that when death approaches, you shall write a will for the benefit of the parents (Specified Heir) and relatives (Specified as well as Non-Specified Heir), equitably. This is a duty upon the righteous. (Al_Quraan_002.180)

And those of you who die and leave wives behind, (make) a bequest in favor of their wives of maintenance for a year without turning (them) out, then if they themselves go away, there is no blame on you for what they do of lawful deeds by themselves, and Allah is Mighty, Wise. (Al_Quraan_002.240)

Men shall have a portion of what the parents and the near relatives leave, and women shall have a portion of what the parents and the near relatives leave, whether there is little or much of it; a stated portion.  (Al_Quraan_004.007)

And when there are present (alive) at the division the relatives and the orphans and the needy, give them (something) out of it and speak to them kind words. (Al_Quraan_004.008)

And let those fear who, should they leave behind them weakly offspring, would fear on their account, so let them be careful of (their duty to) Allah, and let them speak right words. (Al_Quraan_004.009)

Those who consume the orphans' properties unjustly, eat fire into their bellies, and will suffer in Hell. (Al_Quraan_004.010)

Allah enjoins you concerning your children: The male shall have the equal of the portion of two females; then if they are more than two females, they shall have two-thirds of what the deceased has left, and if there is one, she shall have the half; and as for his parents, each of them shall have the sixth of what he has left if he has a child, but if he has no child and (only) his two parents inherit him, then his mother shall have the third; but if he has brothers, then his mother shall have the sixth after (the payment of) a bequest he may have bequeathed or a debt; your parents and your children, you know not which of them is the nearer to you in usefulness; this is an ordinance from Allah: Surely Allah is Knowing, Wise. (Al_Quraan_004.011)

And you shall have half of what your wives leave if they have no child, but if they have a child, then you shall have a fourth of what they leave after (payment of) any bequest they may have bequeathed or a debt; and they shall have the fourth of what you leave if you have no child, but if you have a child then they shall have the eighth of what you leave after (payment of) a bequest you may have bequeathed or a debt; and if a man or a woman leaves property to be inherited by neither parents nor offspring, and he (or she) has a brother or a sister, then each of them two shall have the sixth, but if they are more than that, they shall be sharers in the third after (payment of) any bequest that may have been bequeathed or a debt that does not harm (others); this is an ordinance from Allah: and Allah is Knowing, Forbearing. (Al_Quraan_004.012)

These are Allah's limits, and whoever obeys Allah and His Messenger, He will cause him to enter gardens beneath which rivers flow, to abide in them; and this is the great achievement. (Al_Quraan_004.013)

They ask you for a decision of the law. Say: Allah gives you a decision concerning the person who has neither parents nor offspring; if a man dies (and) he has no son and he has a sister, she shall have half of what he leaves, and he shall be her heir she has no son; but if there be two (sisters), they shall have two-thirds of what he leaves; and if there are brethren, men and women, then the male shall have the like of the portion of two females; Allah makes clear to you, lest you err; and Allah knows all things. (Al_Quraan_004.176)

Basic Logic of Distribution after paying all the debts including funeral expenses and wills:

Case-1:>
Ref: Al_Quraan_004.011
The Deceased Person was married and leaving behind children only, since spouse might already had passed away or were separated.

And when there are present at the division the relatives and the orphans and the needy, give them (something) out of it as well.

Case -2:>
Ref: Al_Quraan_004.011
The Deceased Person was married and leaving behind children and parents, since spouse might already had passed away or were separated.

And when there are present (alive) at the division the relatives and the orphans and the needy, give them (something) out of it as well.

Case -3:>
Ref: Al_Quraan_004.012
The Deceased Person was married and leaving behind spouse without any children and may or may not have parents.

And when there are present (alive) at the division the relatives and the orphans and the needy, give them (something) out of it as well.

Case -4:>
Ref: Al_Quraan_004.012
The Deceased Person was married and leaving behind spouse and children.

And when there are present (alive) at the division the relatives and the orphans and the needy, give them (something) out of it as well.

Case -5:>
Ref: Al_Quraan_004.012
The Deceased Person was un-married or married and leaving behind parents and brothers and sisters, without any children or spouse.

And when there are present (alive) at the division the relatives and the orphans and the needy, give them (something) out of it as well.

Case -6:>
Ref: Al_Quraan_004.176
The Deceased Person was un-married or married and leaving behind brothers and / or sisters only (no ascendants - no descendents and no parents - no spouse - no children).

And when there are present (alive) at the division the relatives and the orphans and the needy, give them (something) out of it as well.

Because a male is responsible for the maintenance of the family, not the female, Male gets 2/3 and Female gets 1/3.

And when there are present (alive) at the division the relatives and the orphans and the needy, give them (something) out of it as well.

Other Relatives and Charity:>
Do not neglect other relatives and charity. Also we need to keep in mind, if only daughter or only sister is the heir, where could she feel comfortable to live with, either state need to look after her or she will feel more comfortable with her uncle and aunt. So uncle and aunt should also get some shares as well as. Under the light of the list of above Ayaat, if I don’t forget any, it is my suggestion to be in the middle and pay to other relatives as well as charity which may be around 10 percent upon the consult of all the specified heirs if they agree. Now we can realize why Allah did not fix the shares for other relatives and charity in Ayaat Al_Quraan_004.008, since in dividing shares we may come up with dealing of prime numbers or other numbers which do not perfectly divide among heir.

Division of dividends for simple case (Male 2/3 and Female 1/3):
Because a male is responsible for the maintenance of the family, not the female, Male gets 2/3 and Female gets 1/3.

Remember: If any of the specified heirs is not alive BUT his / her descendents are alive. He or she will be treated as alive and later his / her shares will then be divided among his or her heirs.

Example 1:>

1000 dollars may be divided as follows:
Male heir + Female heir + (Other Relatives & Charity) = Total Shares
2/3 of 90% + 1/3 of 90% + Remainder = 1000
600 + 300 + 100 = 1000

100 dollars may further be divided among Other Relatives and Charity as follows:
Paternal Relatives + Maternal Relatives + Charity = around 10 % of Total Shares
2/3 of 90% + 1/3 of 90% + Remainder = 100
60 + 30 + 10 = 100

60 dollars may further be divided among Male and Female Paternal Relatives and Charity as follows:
Male heir + Female heir + Charity = 60
2/3 of 90% + 1/3 of 90% + Remainder = 60
36 + 18 + 6 = 60

30 dollars may further be divided among Male and Female Maternal Relatives and Charity as follows:
Male heir + Female heir + Charity = 30
2/3 of 90% + 1/3 of 90% + Remainder = 30
18 + 9 + 3 = 30

Example 2:>

500 dollars may be divided as follows:
Male heir + Female heir + (Other Relatives & Charity) = Total Shares
2/3 of 90% + 1/3 of 90% + Remainder = 500
300 + 150 + 50 = 500

50 dollars may further be divided among Other Relatives and Charity as follows:
Paternal Relatives + Maternal Relatives + Charity = around 10 % of Total Shares
2/3 of 90% + 1/3 of 90% + Remainder = 50
30 + 15 + 5 = 50

30 dollars may further be divided among Male and Female Paternal Relatives and Charity as follows:
Male heir + Female heir + Charity = 30
2/3 of 90% + 1/3 of 90% + Remainder = 30
18 + 9 + 3 = 30

15 dollars may further be divided among Male and Female Maternal Relatives and Charity as follows:
Male heir + Female heir + Charity = 15
2/3 of 90% + 1/3 of 90% + Remainder = 15
8 + 4 + 3 = 15

Example 3:>

997 dollars which is a prime number may be divided as follows:
Male heir + Female heir + (Other Relatives & Charity) = Total Shares
2/3 of 90% + 1/3 of 90% + Remainder = 997
600 + 300 + 97 = 997

97 dollars may further be divided among Other Relatives and Charity as follows:
Paternal Relatives + Maternal Relatives + Charity = around 10 % of Total Shares
2/3 of 90% + 1/3 of 90% + Remainder = 97
58 + 29 + 10 = 97

58 dollars may further be divided among Male and Female Paternal Relatives and Charity as follows:
Male heir + Female heir + Charity = 58
2/3 of 90% + 1/3 of 90% + Remainder = 58
36 + 18 + 4 = 58

29 dollars may further be divided among Male and Female Maternal Relatives and Charity as follows:
Male heir + Female heir + Charity = 29
2/3 of 90% + 1/3 of 90% + Remainder = 29
18 + 9 + 2 = 29

Priority of payments:

Before the estate of the deceased can be distributed to his/her heirs, all the debts owing by the deceased, all prior claims against him/her and all the wills must first be paid.

In order of priority, payments from the estate are as follows:

a> Payment of funeral expenses.
b> Payment of ALL the DEBTS owing by the deceased.
c> Satisfaction of all Zakaat payments that are unpaid;
d> Making donations of the specified amount to redeem fast days unobserved;
e> Payment of legacies under a valid will. Wills could be for those how are heirs as well, so they should get both Wills and heirs on top of Wills.
f> Distribution of net estate among Specified Heirs according to the Quraan (described below).
 
Specified heirs:

Heirs entitled to share in the net estate of the deceased in accordance with Islaamic Sharia Law. These Specified Heirs include the following:

a> MALES who are entitled to succeed are:

     1> Son of the deceased.
     2> Grandson of the deceased how low so ever.
     3> Father of the deceased.
     4> Grandfather of the deceased how high so ever.
     5> Brother of the deceased.
     6> Son of the brother of the deceased.
     7> Uncle, i.e. brother of the parents of the deceased.
     8> Son of Uncle, i.e. Son of brother of the parents of the deceased.
     9> Husband of the deceased.

b> FEMALES who are entitled to succeed are:

     1> Daughter of the deceased.
     2> Granddaughter of the deceased how low so ever.
     3> Mother of the deceased.
     4> Grandmother of the deceased how high so ever.
     5> Sister of the deceased.
     6> Daughter of the Sister of the deceased.
     7> Aunt, i.e. sister of the parents of the deceased.
     8> Daughter of Aunt, i.e. Daughter of sister of the parents of the deceased.
     9> Husband of the deceased.

c> Other close relatives.

d> Charity.

These heirs are entitled to certain prescribed shares which are intended to effect an equitable distribution of the estate. For instance, males are given 2 shares of the estate to every share given to his female counterpart because they are expected to assume financial responsibility for the women. In addition, female heirs are allocated a specified portion of the estate (e.g. half or one sixth) which means they will always be entitled to a portion of the estate, regardless how small, while male heirs are often residuary heirs who are only entitled to what is left of the estate after the claims of female heirs have been met. It may happen that a residuary heir is left with nothing or a very tiny portion after claimants with specific shares have been paid off.

Specified Heirs forfeit their claim under the following circumstances:
a. he caused the death of the deceased, whether deliberately or unintentionally; or
b. he is not a Muslim (the deceased may be a Muslim convert, or the heir may have renounced Islam).
 
Making of Wills:

A Muslim can make a will in favor of his Specified Heirs as well as non-Specified Heirs, such as his adopted children, paternal relatives, maternal relatives, or third parties such as close friend.

It is decreed that when death approaches, you shall write a will for the benefit of the parents (Specified Heir) and relatives (Specified as well as Non-Specified Heir), equitably. This is a duty upon the righteous. (Al_Quraan_002.180)

Sharia Court administration:

The first step is for a beneficiary to apply to the Syria Court for a Certificate of Inheritance to be issued. The Certificate will identify the surviving Specified Heirs, state their relationship to the deceased, and specify his precise share to the estate.

Computation of shares of specified heirs:

We must try our best to do the justice in dividing the shares among the heirs for the case where there is no wills or there is some leftover after the payment of wills.

It is decreed that when death approaches, you shall write a will for the benefit of the parents (Specified Heir) and relatives (Specified as well as Non-Specified Heir), equitably. This is a duty upon the righteous. (Al_Quraan_002.180)

… If any do fail to judge by (the light of) what Allah has revealed, they are Unbelievers. (Al_Quraan_005.044)

Followings are six main categories of the deceased person.

Remember: If any of the specified heirs is not alive BUT his / her descendents are alive. He or she will be treated as alive and later his / her shares will then be divided among his or her heirs.

Category-1 :::>>>
Ref: Al_Quraan_004.011
The Deceased Person was married and leaving behind children only, since spouse might already had passed away or were separated.

And when there are present (alive) at the division the relatives and the orphans and the needy, give them (something) out of it as well.

Category-2 :::>>>
Ref: Al_Quraan_004.011
The Deceased Person was married and leaving behind children and parents, since spouse might already had passed away or were separated.

And when there are present (alive) at the division the relatives and the orphans and the needy, give them (something) out of it as well.

Category-3 :::>>>
Ref: Al_Quraan_004.012
The Deceased Person was married and leaving behind spouse without any children and may or may not have parents.

And when there are present (alive) at the division the relatives and the orphans and the needy, give them (something) out of it as well.

Category-4 :::>>>
Ref: Al_Quraan_004.012
The Deceased Person was married and leaving behind spouse and children.

And when there are present (alive) at the division the relatives and the orphans and the needy, give them (something) out of it as well.

Category-5 :::>>>
Ref: Al_Quraan_004.012
The Deceased Person was un-married or married and leaving behind parents and brothers and sisters, without any children or spouse.

And when there are present (alive) at the division the relatives and the orphans and the needy, give them (something) out of it as well.

Category-6 :::>>>
Ref: Al_Quraan_004.176
The Deceased Person was un-married or married and leaving behind brothers and / or sisters only (no ascendants - no descendents and no parents - no spouse - no children).

And when there are present (alive) at the division the relatives and the orphans and the needy, give them (something) out of it as well.

==================== Details of Inheritance with Examples ====================

Remember: If any of the specified heirs is not alive BUT his / her descendents are alive. He or she will be treated as alive and later his / her shares will then be divided among his or her heirs.

Details of division of the shares among all the heirs after paying all the debts and wills:

It is my suggestion to be in the middle and pay to other relatives as well as charity upon the consult of all the specified heirs if they agree.

Category-1 :::>>>
Ref: Al_Quraan_004.011
The Deceased Person was married and leaving behind children and / or parents, since spouse might already had passed away or were separated:

Category-1_Example-1 :> Only sons are the specified heirs
1000 dollars may be divided as follows:
Sons + (Other Relatives & Charity) = Total Shares
All of 90% + Remainder = 1000
900 + 100 = 1000

100 dollars may further be divided among Other Relatives and Charity as follows:
Paternal Relatives + Maternal Relatives + Charity = around 10 % of Total Shares
2/3 of 90% + 1/3 of 90% + Remainder = 100
60 + 30 + 10 = 100

60 dollars may further be divided among Male and Female Paternal Relatives and Charity as follows:
Male heir + Female heir + Charity = 60
2/3 of 90% + 1/3 of 90% + Remainder = 60
36 + 18 + 6 = 60

30 dollars may further be divided among Male and Female Maternal Relatives and Charity as follows:
Male heir + Female heir + Charity = 30
2/3 of 90% + 1/3 of 90% + Remainder = 30
18 + 9 + 3 = 30

Category-1_Example-2 :> Only Daughter (1/2 shares) is the specified heir
1000 dollars may be divided as follows:
Daughter heir + (Other Relatives & Charity) = Total Shares
1/2 + Remainder = 1000
500 + 500 = 1000

500 dollars may further be divided among Other Relatives and Charity as follows:
Paternal Relatives + Maternal Relatives + Charity = 500
2/3 of 90% + 1/3 of 90% + Remainder = 500
300 + 150 + 50 = 500

300 dollars may further be divided among Male and Female Paternal Relatives and Charity as follows:
Male heir + Female heir + Charity = 300
2/3 of 90% + 1/3 of 90% + Remainder = 300
180 + 90 + 30 = 300

150 dollars may further be divided among Male and Female Maternal Relatives and Charity as follows:
Male heir + Female heir + Charity = 150
2/3 of 90% + 1/3 of 90% + Remainder = 150
90 + 45 + 15 = 150

Category-1_Example-3 :> Two or more Daughters (2/3 shares) are the specified heirs
1000 dollars may be divided as follows:
Daughters heirs + (Other Relatives & Charity) = Total Shares
2/3 + Remainder = 1000
666 + 334 = 1000

334 dollars may further be divided among Other Relatives and Charity as follows:
Paternal Relatives + Maternal Relatives + Charity = 334
2/3 of 90% + 1/3 of 90% + Remainder = 334
200 + 100 + 34 = 334

200 dollars may further be divided among Male and Female Paternal Relatives and Charity as follows:
Male heir + Female heir + Charity = 200
2/3 of 90% + 1/3 of 90% + Remainder = 200
130 + 65 + 5 = 200

100 dollars may further be divided among Male and Female Maternal Relatives and Charity as follows:
Male heir + Female heir + Charity = 100
2/3 of 90% + 1/3 of 90% + Remainder = 100
60 + 30 + 10 = 100

Category-1_Example-4 :> Mixed number of Sons (2/3 shares) and Daughters (1/3 shares) are the specified heirs
1000 dollars may be divided as follows:
Sons heir + Daughters heir + (Other Relatives & Charity) = Total Shares
2/3 of 90% + 1/3 of 90% + Remainder = 1000
600 + 300 + 100 = 1000

100 dollars may further be divided among Other Relatives and Charity as follows:
Paternal Relatives + Maternal Relatives + Charity = around 10 % of Total Shares
2/3 of 90% + 1/3 of 90% + Remainder = 100
60 + 30 + 10 = 100

60 dollars may further be divided among Male and Female Paternal Relatives and Charity as follows:
Male heir + Female heir + Charity = 60
2/3 of 90% + 1/3 of 90% + Remainder = 60
36 + 18 + 6 = 60

30 dollars may further be divided among Male and Female Maternal Relatives and Charity as follows:
Male heir + Female heir + Charity = 30
2/3 of 90% + 1/3 of 90% + Remainder = 30
18 + 9 + 3 = 30

Category-2 :::>>>
Ref: Al_Quraan_004.011
The Deceased Person was married and leaving behind children and parents, since spouse might already had passed away or were separated.

Category-2_Example-1 :> Parents (1/6 + 1/6) and children (Sons 2/3 of Remainder + Daughters 1/3 of Remainder) are the specified heirs
1000 dollars may be divided as follows:
Father + Mother + Children + (Other Relatives & Charity) = Total Shares
1/6 of 90 % + 1/6 of 90% + Remainder + 1/10 = 1000
166 + 166 + 568 + 100 = 1000

Children may get from 568 dollars according to the case mentioned in the above examples Category-1_Example-1 to Category-1_Example-4, depending upon the case of only sons, or only daughter, or two or more daughters, or mix number of sons and daughters.

Also Other Relatives and Charity may get from 100 dollars according to the case mentioned in the above examples Category-1_Example-1 to Category-1_Example-4.

Category-2_Example-2 :> Only Parents (Mother gets 1/3, Father gets Remainder) are the specified heirs.

1000 dollars may be divided as follows:
Father + Mother + (Other Relatives & Charity) = Total Shares
2/3 of 90 % + 1/3 of 90% + Remainder = 1000
600 + 300 + 100 = 1000

Also Other Relatives and Charity may get from 100 dollars according to the case mentioned in the above examples Category-1_Example-1 to Category-1_Example-4.

We already know the basic formula for sons and daughters as well as brothers and sisters, which gives the same concept i.e. common in both for Males and Females heirs. We may apply the same logic for only Father (all shares), for only Mother (1/2 shares) as well.

Category-2_Example-3 :> Parents and only one brother or sister are the specified heirs
1000 dollars may be divided as follows:
Father + Mother + Brother or Sister + (Other Relatives & Charity) = Total Shares
Remainder + 1/6 of 90% + 1/6 of 90% + 1/10 = 1000
568 + 166 + 166 + 100 = 1000

Also Other Relatives and Charity may get from 100 dollars according to the case mentioned in the above examples Category-1_Example-1 to Category-1_Example-4.

Category-2_Example-4 :> Parents and more than one brothers and / or sisters are the specified heirs
1000 dollars may be divided as follows:
Father + Mother + Brothers and / or Sisters + (Other Relatives & Charity) = Total Shares
Remainder + 1/6 of 90% + 1/3 of 90% + 1/10 = 1000
402 + 166 + 332 + 100 = 1000

Brothers (1/2 of 332) and sisters (1/2 of 332) may get from 332 dollars equally divided among them.

Also Other Relatives and Charity may get from 100 dollars according to the case mentioned in the above examples Category-1_Example-1 to Category-1_Example-4.

Category-3 :::>>>
Ref: Al_Quraan_004.012
The Deceased Person was married and leaving behind spouse without any children and may or may not have parents.

Category-3_Example-1 :> Only Husband (1/2 shares) is the specified heir
1000 dollars may be divided as follows:
Husband heir + (Parents, Brothers, Sisters, Other Relatives & Charity) = Total Shares
1/2 + Remainder = 1000
500 + 500 = 1000

Parents, Brothers, Sisters, Other Relatives and Charity may get from 500 dollars according to the case mentioned in the above example Category-2_Example-1 to Category-2_Example-4 or Category-5_Example-1 to Category-5_Example-4.

Category-3_Example-2 :> Only Wife (1/4 shares) is the specified heir
1000 dollars may be divided as follows:
Wife heir + (Parents, Brothers, Sisters, Other Relatives & Charity) = Total Shares
1/4 + Remainder = 1000
250 + 750 = 1000

Parents, Brothers, Sisters, Other Relatives and Charity may get from 750 dollars according to the case mentioned in the above example Category-2_Example-1 to Category-2_Example-4 or Category-5_Example-1 to Category-5_Example-4.

Category-4 :::>>>
Ref: Al_Quraan_004.012
The Deceased Person was married and leaving behind spouse and children.

Category-4_Example-1 :> Husband (1/4 shares) and Children are the specified heir
1000 dollars may be divided as follows:
Husband heir + (Parents, Children, Other Relatives & Charity) = Total Shares
1/4 + Remainder + 100 = 1000
250 + 750 = 1000

Parents, Children, Other Relatives and Charity may get from 750 dollars according to the case mentioned in the above example Category-1_Example-1 to Category-1_Example-4.

Category-4_Example-2 :> Only Wife (1/8 shares) is the specified heir
1000 dollars may be divided as follows:
Wife heir + (Parents, Other Relatives & Charity) = Total Shares
1/8 + Remainder = 1000
125 + 875 = 1000

Parents, Children, Other Relatives and Charity may get from 750 dollars according to the case mentioned in the above example Category-1_Example-1 to Category-1_Example-4.

Category-5 :::>>>
Ref: Al_Quraan_004.012
The Deceased Person was un-married or married and leaving behind parents and brothers and sisters, without any children or spouse.

Category-5_Example-1 :> Parents and only one brother or sister are the specified heirs
1000 dollars may be divided as follows:
Father + Mother + Brother or Sister + (Other Relatives & Charity) = Total Shares
Remainder + 1/6 of 90% + 1/6 of 90% + 1/10 = 1000
568 + 166 + 166 + 100 = 1000

Also Other Relatives and Charity may get from 100 dollars according to the case mentioned in the above examples Category-1_Example-1 to Category-1_Example-4.

Category-5_Example-2 :> Parents and more than one brothers and / or sisters are the specified heirs
1000 dollars may be divided as follows:
Father + Mother + Brothers and / or Sisters + (Other Relatives & Charity) = Total Shares
Remainder + 1/6 of 90% + 1/3 of 90% + 1/10 = 1000
402 + 166 + 332 + 100 = 1000

Brothers (1/2 of 332) and sisters (1/2 of 332) may get from 332 dollars equally divided among them.

Also Other Relatives and Charity may get from 100 dollars according to the case mentioned in the above examples Category-1_Example-1 to Category-1_Example-4.

Category-6 :::>>>
Ref: Al_Quraan_004.176
The Deceased Person was un-married or married and leaving behind brothers and / or sisters only (no ascendants - no descendents and no parents - no spouse - no children).

Category-6_Example-1 :> Only Brother are the specified heirs
1000 dollars may be divided as follows:
Brothers + (Other Relatives & Charity) = Total Shares
All of 90% + Remainder = 1000
900 + 100 = 1000

100 dollars may further be divided among Other Relatives and Charity as follows:
Paternal Relatives + Maternal Relatives + Charity = around 10 % of Total Shares
2/3 of 90% + 1/3 of 90% + Remainder = 100
60 + 30 + 10 = 100

60 dollars may further be divided among Male and Female Paternal Relatives and Charity as follows:
Male heir + Female heir + Charity = 60
2/3 of 90% + 1/3 of 90% + Remainder = 60
36 + 18 + 6 = 60

30 dollars may further be divided among Male and Female Maternal Relatives and Charity as follows:
Male heir + Female heir + Charity = 30
2/3 of 90% + 1/3 of 90% + Remainder = 30
18 + 9 + 3 = 30

Category-6_Example-2 :> Only sister (1/2 shares) is the specified heirs
1000 dollars may be divided as follows:
Sister heir + (Other Relatives & Charity) = Total Shares
1/2 + Remainder = 1000
500 + 500 = 1000

500 dollars may further be divided among Other Relatives and Charity as follows:
Paternal Relatives + Maternal Relatives + Charity = 500
2/3 of 90% + 1/3 of 90% + Remainder = 500
300 + 150 + 50 = 500

300 dollars may further be divided among Male and Female Paternal Relatives and Charity as follows:
Male heir + Female heir + Charity = 300
2/3 of 90% + 1/3 of 90% + Remainder = 300
180 + 90 + 30 = 300

150 dollars may further be divided among Male and Female Maternal Relatives and Charity as follows:
Male heir + Female heir + Charity = 150
2/3 of 90% + 1/3 of 90% + Remainder = 150
90 + 45 + 15 = 150

Category-6_Example-3 :> Two or more Sisters (2/3 shares) are the specified heirs
1000 dollars may be divided as follows:
Sisters heirs + (Other Relatives & Charity) = Total Shares
2/3 + Remainder = 1000
666 + 334 = 1000

334 dollars may further be divided among Other Relatives and Charity as follows:
Paternal Relatives + Maternal Relatives + Charity = 334
2/3 of 90% + 1/3 of 90% + Remainder = 334
200 + 100 + 34 = 334

200 dollars may further be divided among Male and Female Paternal Relatives and Charity as follows:
Male heir + Female heir + Charity = 200
2/3 of 90% + 1/3 of 90% + Remainder = 200
130 + 65 + 5 = 200

100 dollars may further be divided among Male and Female Maternal Relatives and Charity as follows:
Male heir + Female heir + Charity = 100
2/3 of 90% + 1/3 of 90% + Remainder = 100
60 + 30 + 10 = 100

Category-6_Example-4 :> Mixed number of Brothers (2/3 shares) and Sisters (1/3 shares) are the specified heirs
1000 dollars may be divided as follows:
Brothers heir + Sisters heir + (Other Relatives & Charity) = Total Shares
2/3 of 90% + 1/3 of 90% + Remainder = 1000
600 + 300 + 100 = 1000

100 dollars may further be divided among Other Relatives and Charity as follows:
Paternal Relatives + Maternal Relatives + Charity = around 10 % of Total Shares
2/3 of 90% + 1/3 of 90% + Remainder = 100
60 + 30 + 10 = 100

60 dollars may further be divided among Male and Female Paternal Relatives and Charity as follows:
Male heir + Female heir + Charity = 60
2/3 of 90% + 1/3 of 90% + Remainder = 60
36 + 18 + 6 = 60

30 dollars may further be divided among Male and Female Maternal Relatives and Charity as follows:
Male heir + Female heir + Charity = 30
2/3 of 90% + 1/3 of 90% + Remainder = 30
18 + 9 + 3 = 30


Innovations: Bida:

Then We made sent messengers to follow in their footsteps, and We sent Isa son of Marium afterwards, and We gave him the Injeel, and We put in the hearts of those who followed him kindness and mercy; and (as for) monkery, they innovated it-- We did not prescribe it to them-- only to seek Allah's pleasure, but they did not observe it with its due observance; so We gave to those of them who believed their reward, and most of them are transgressors. (Al_Quraan_057.027)


Interests: Usury: Muslim Never Takes Interests:

O you who believe! Fear God, and give up what remains of your demand for usury, if you are indeed believers. If you do it not, Take notice of war from God and His Apostle: But if you turn back, you shall have your capital sums: Deal not unjustly, and you shall not be dealt with unjustly. (Al_Quraan_002.278-279)


Islaam will eventually overcome over all religions:

Their intention is to extinguish Allah’s light (by blowing) with their mouths: but Allah will complete (the revelation of) His Light, even though the Unbelievers may detest (it). It is He Who has sent His Messenger (Peace Be Upon Him) with Guidance and the Religion of Truth, that he may proclaim it over all religion, even though the Pagans may detest (it). (Al_Quraan_061.008 – 009)


Continued .....


Read Al-Quraan, the Miracle of Miracles and free from contradictions and errors
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